Working Group 27: North Pacific Climate Variability and Change
  • Acronym: WG 27
  • Parent Committee: POC
  • Term: Jun. 2011 - 2015
  • Co-Chairs:
    Michael Foreman (Canada)
    Shoshiro Minobe (Japan)
    Emanuele Di Lorenzo (USA)
Motivation
To develop essential understandings of the mechanisms of North Pacific climate variability and change that can better guide the formulation of process-based hypotheses underlying the links between ecosystem dynamics and physical climate.
Terms of Reference
  1. Develop conceptual frameworks and low-order models of North Pacific climate variability and change, which can be used by climate researchers to investigate the mechanisms of those variations and by ecosystem scientists to explore hypotheses linking ecosystem dynamics and physical climate.
  2. Summarize the current understanding of mechanisms of Pacific climate variability and change, and evaluate the strengths of the underlying hypotheses with supporting evidence.
  3. In conjunction with ecosystem scientists, coordinate the development and implementation of process-based models, which include important processes in simple forms, to hindcast the variability of available long-term biological time series.
  4. Develop a method to identify and provide uncertainty estimates of decadal variability in recent historical climate and ecosystem time series.
  5. Provide improved metrics to test the mechanisms of climate variability and change in IPCC models, and in coordination with other PICES working groups and FUTURE Advisory Panels, assist in evaluating those models and providing regional climate forecasts over the North Pacific.
  6. Understand and fill the gaps between what physical models can currently produce and what ecosystem scientists suggest are the important physical forcing factors required for predicting species and ecosystem responses to climate variability and change.
  7. Maintain linkages with, and summarize the results from National and International programs/projects such as CLIVAR, IMBER, US CAMEO, ESSAS, Japanese Hot Spot in the Climate System, POMAL, CREAMS EAST-I, POBEX, and others.
  8. Convene workshops and sessions to evaluate and compare results and maintain an awareness of state-of-the-art advances outside the PICES community.
  9. Publish a final report summarizing results.

Video Presentation available at http://o3d.org/web_db_movies/PICES-WG27-TORs.mov

Linkages to the FUTURE Science Plan:

  1. What determines an ecosystem’s intrinsic resilience and vulnerability to natural and anthropogenic forcing?
  2. How do ecosystems respond to natural and anthropogenic forcing, and how might they change in the future?
  3. How do human activities affect coastal ecosystems and how are societies affected by changes in these ecosystems?
Products
Annual Meetings

Reports

2013, 2012, 2011

Session and Workshop Summaries

PICES-2013:
W2, Identifying mechanisms linking physical climate and ecosystem change: Observed indices, hypothesized processes, and "data dreams" for the future

PICES-2012:
S3, Challenges in understanding Northern Hemisphere ocean climate variability and change

Symposia / Inter-sessional Workshops

2012 GLOBEC/PICES/ICES Workshop on "Forecasting ecosystem indicators with process-based models"

PICES Press

Winter 2014, Vol. 22, No. 1
Workshop on “Identifying Mechanisms Linking Physical Climate and Ecosystem Change: Observed Indices, Hypothesized Processes, and "Data Dreams" for the Future

Winter 2013, Vol. 21, No. 1
GLOBEC/PICES/ICES ECOFOR workshop

Winter 2012, Vol. 20, No. 1
PICES Working Group on North Pacific Variability

PICES Scientific Reports
TBA
Primary Journals
TBA
Related Materials
TBA
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Members as of October 2015
Patrick F. Cummins
Fisheries and Oceans Canada
Institute of Ocean Sciences
9860 W. Saanich Rd., P.O. Box 6000
Sidney, BC
Canada V8L 4B2
E-mail: Patrick.Cummins@dfo-mpo.gc.ca
Michael G. Foreman
WG-27 Co-Chairman
Fisheries and Oceans Canada
Institute of Ocean Sciences
9860 W. Saanich Rd., P.O. Box 6000
Sidney, BC
Canada V8L 4B2
E-mail: mike.foreman@dfo-mpo.gc.ca
Jacquelynne R. King
Fisheries and Oceans Canada
Pacific Biological Station
3190 Hammond Bay Rd.
Nanaimo, BC
Canada V9T 6N7
E-mail: Jackie.King@dfo-mpo.gc.ca
Jingtian Guo
North China Sea Marine Forecasting Center, SOA
27 YuLing Rd., Laoshan District
Qingdao, Shandong
China, 266061
E-mail: guojingtian@163.com
Xiaopei Lin
College of Physical and Environmental Oceanography
Ocean University of China
238 Songling Rd., Laoshan District
Qingdao, Shandong
China, 266100
E-mail: linxiaop@ouc.edu.cn
Guimei Liu
National Marine Environmental Forecasting Center
State Oceanic Administration (SOA)
8 Dahuisi Rd., Haidian District
Beijing
China, 100081
E-mail: liugm@nmefc.gov.cn
Lixin Wu
College of Physical and Environmental Oceanography
Ocean University of China
5 Yushan Rd., Shinan District
Qingdao, Shandong
China, 266003
E-mail: lxwu@ouc.edu.cn
Shin-ichi Ito
Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute
The University of Tokyo
5-1-5 Kashiwanoha
Kashiwa, Chiba
Japan 277-8564
E-mail: goito@aori.u-tokyo.ac.jp
Shoshiro Minobe
WG-27 Co-Chair
Natural History Sciences, Graduate School of Sciences
Hokkaido University
N10W8 Rigaku-8-goukan 3F
Sapporo, Hokkaido
< Japan 060-0810
E-mail: minobe@sci.hokudai.ac.jp
Takashi Mochizuki
Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC)
3173-25 Showa-machi, Kanazawa-ku
Yokohama, Kanagawa
Japan 236-0001
E-mail: motizuki@jamstec.go.jp
Bunmei Taguchi
Earth Simulator Center
Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), FRA
3173-25 Showa-machi, Kanazawa-ku
Yokohama, Kanagawa
Japan 236-0001
E-mail: bunmei@jamstec.go.jp
Chan Joo Jang
Ocean Circulation Research Division
Korea Institute of Ocean Science and Technology (KIOST)
787 Haean-ro, Sangnok-gu
Ansan, Gyeonggi-do
Korea, R 15627
E-mail: cjjang@kiost.ac
Jae-Hun Park
Ocean Circulation and Climate Research Division
Korea Institute of Ocean Science and Technology (KIOST)
787 Haean-ro, Sangrok-gu
Ansan, Gyeonggi-do
Korea, R 426-744
E-mail: jhpark@kiost.ac
Sang-Wook Yeh
Department of Marine Sciences and Convergent Technology
Hanyang University
1271 Sa3-dong, Sangrok-gu
Ansan
Korea, R 426-791
E-mail: swyeh@hanyang.ac.kr
Member15
Tatyana Pavlova
Voeikov Main Geophysical Observatory
7 Karbyshev St.v Saint Petersburg
Russia 194021
E-mail: t-v-pavlova@mail.ru
Elena I. Ustinova
Laboratory of Fisheries Oceanography
Pacific Scientific Research Fisheries Center (TINRO-Center)
4 Shevchenko Alley
Vladivostok, Primorsky Kray
Russia 690091
E-mail: eustinova@mail.ru
Yury I. Zuenko
Fisheries Oceanography
Pacific Scientific Research Fisheries Center (TINRO-Center)
4 Shevchenko Alley
Vladivostok, Primorsky Kray
Russia 690091
E-mail: zuenko_yury@hotmail.com
Steven J. Bograd
Environmental Research Division
NOAA NMFS SWFSC
99 Pacific St., Suite 255A
Monterey, CA
U.S.A. 93940
E-mail: steven.bograd@noaa.gov
Enrique N. Curchitser
Environmental Sci./Institute of Marine and Coastal Sci.
Rutgers University
14 College Farm Rd.
New Brunswick, NJ
U.S.A. 08901
E-mail: enrique@esm.rutgers.edu
Emanuele Di Lorenzo
WG-27 Co-Chair
School of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences
Georgia Institute of Technology
311 Ferst
Atlanta, GA
U.S.A. 30332
E-mail: edl@gatech.edu
Takamitsu Ito
School of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences
Georgia Institute of Technology
311 Ferst
Atlanta, GA
U.S.A. 30332
E-mail: taka.ito@eas.gatech.edu