Building capacity for coastal monitoring by local small-scale fishers
  • Acronym: FishGIS
  • Term: November 2017 – March 31, 2020
  • Project Science Team Co-Chairs:
    Mitsutaku Makino (Fisheries Research and Education Agency, Japan)
    Mark Wells (University of Maine, USA)
  • Project Coordinator:
    Alexander Bychkov (PICES)
Background

Natural and anthropogenic pressures have been generating changes in the marine ecological system, and effects of these changes to the well-being of people living in coastal areas are difficult to predict because of the lack of understanding and many uncertainties in social and ecological systems. Thus, one of the most important tasks for marine researchers is to scientifically assist local people in adapting to social and ecological changes for their sustainable livelihood and better well-being. This was the rationale for a new 3-year PICES project on “Building capacity for coastal monitoring by local small-scale fishers” (FishGIS), funded by the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF) of Japan, through the Fisheries Agency of Japan (JFA), from the Official Development Assistance (ODA) Fund.

PICES member countries have resources for monitoring environmental conditions and fisheries in coastal waters, while developing nations are far more limited in their capacity for collecting data needed to advance their management practices. Citizen-based monitoring is an approach designed to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of monitoring efforts when technical and financial resources are not sufficient. There are successful examples of citizen-based monitoring in developed countries. However, this approach has not been widely applied yet to the collection of environmental and fisheries data in developing nations. The extensive use of smartphones in these countries offers a creative potential for implementing the project through a smartphone-based monitoring system used by local fishers and fish farmers that could help: (1) to inform fisheries managers on the near real-time spatial catch data and fishing intensity and (2) to monitor useful water quality parameters.

Project organization and funding

The request to implement the project was accepted by the PICES Governing Council in November 2017.

The project is expected to interact with, and support relevant activities of, PICES Scientific Committees on Human Dimensions (HD) and on Fishery Science (FIS), PICES Technical Committees on Data Exchange (TCODE) and on Monitoring (MONITOR), and PICES FUTURE Science Program (Research Theme 3 on “How do human activities affect coastal ecosystems and how are societies affected by changes in these ecosystems?”).

The project is being directed by the Project Science Team (PST) formed in November 2017 based on principles and procedures detailed in the PICES Policy for approval and management of special projects (Decision 2017/A/7). All PICES member countries and all the above mentioned Committees are represented on the PST (see membership below), co-chaired by Drs. Mitsutaku Makino and Mark Wells. The PST is responsible for the scientific implementation of the project and annual reporting to MAFF/JFA and to PICES Science Board through the HD Committee. The report to MAFF/JFA should be submitted within 90 days after the close of each project year ending March 31, and include a summary of the activities carried out in the year, with an evaluation on the progress made, and a workplan for the following year. Within PICES, Science Board takes the responsibility for reporting to Governing Council on the progress and achievements of the project.

The Project Coordinator, Dr. Alexander Bychkov, is responsible for the management of the fund and annual reporting on its disposition to MAFF/JFA and to PICES Finance and Administration Committee. The report to MAFF/JFA should be submitted within 90 days after the close of each project year ending March 31. Within PICES, the Finance and Administration Committee takes the responsibility for reporting to Governing Council on the financial and management aspects of the project.

Funding for Year 1 (FY 2017, ending March 31, 2018) was set at $96,385 CAD, and this amount was transferred to PICES in December 2017.
Funding for Year 2 (FY 2018, ending March 31, 2019) was set at $96,383 CAD, and this amount was transferred to PICES in July 2018.

Project goal and key questions

The overall goal of the project is to enhance the capacity of local small-scale fishers to monitor coastal ecosystems and coastal fisheries in Pacific Rim developing countries. Indonesia was chosen as a country to implement the project.

The project key questions are:

  1. How do global changes in climate and economy affect coastal ecosystems? and
  2. How may enhanced capacity for monitoring activities by local fishers help to improve fisheries management in coastal areas?
The focus of the project is on developing smartphone capabilities for using citizen science for monitoring environmental conditions and fisheries in coastal waters to assist the Indonesian government in enhancing their capacity for collecting data needed to improve management practices.

The project major initiatives include:

  1. Coastal ecosystem monitoring activities by local small-scale fishers to detect ecosystems changes (e.g., deviations in water quality and the changes in plankton community composition);
  2. Coastal fisheries monitoring activities by local small-scale fishers to improve coastal fisheries management (e.g., information about fishing operation or species composition on the market);
  3. Coastal and estuarine water monitoring activities by local small-scale aquaculture fishers to measure the effects of government clean water initiatives on water quality for aquaculture operations.
These initiatives will be supported by a series of training/capacity building workshops, led by scientists from PICES member countries.

Meetings and Events
  • Second Project Science Team meeting (November 2, 2018; Yokohama, Japan)
    Objectives: (1) to review the overall project strategy and timelines for project activities and products, (2) to examine on-going data collection and reporting activities at the two case study sites (Muara Gembong and Indramyu District, Indonesia) and evaluate the need for any further modifications of the smartphone applications, (3) to discuss options for a third case study site, and (4) to draft the Year 3 workplan.

  • Human Dimensions Contributed Paper Session at PICES-2018 (November 2, 2018; Yokohama, Japan)
    Objective: to present results from the initial stage of the project.

  • First Training/capacity building workshops (July 9–13, 2018, Jakarta, Indonesia)
    Objectives: (1) training of fishers, fish farmers and staff of government labs in the use of the GIS-based fisheries data smartphone application under development in this project and the modified existing water quality assessment smartphone application (HydroColor), and (2) training of leading community members in water and plankton sample collection and phytoplankton observations using foldscopes (paper origami microscopes enabling cellphone photograph of phytoplankton community composition).

  • Visit of PICES experts to Indonesia (March 18–24, 2018, Jakarta, Indonesia)
    Objectives: (1) to finalize the selection of case study sites, and (2) to identify the key local individuals who will participate in the project, the type of capacity building needed, and the logistics for providing this training.

  • First Project Science Team meeting (January 17-19, 2018; Yokohama, Japan)
    Objectives: (1) to discuss the overall project strategy and develop timelines for project activities and products, (2) to review and refine the workplan for Year 1, and (3) to draft the workplan for Year 2.

  • National Seminar on Marine Tourism and Fourth International Sato-umi Workshop (October 5-6, 2017; Jakarta, Indonesia)
    Objectives: (1) to present lessons learned and recommendations for how to conduct social-ecological systems analyses for marine-dependent communities in Pacific Rim developing countries using real data from the PICES/MAFF project on “Marine ecosystem health and human well-being” (MarWeB), and (2) to introduce a new PICES/MAFF project to develop smartphone capabilities for using community-based monitoring in coastal waters to assist the Indonesian government in developing more effective fishery management tools.
    Report
Products
Annual Progress Reports (PR)
PR-Year 1 (Nov. 2017 - Mar. 2018)
Annual Financial Reports (FR)

FR-Year 1 (Nov. 2017 - Mar. 2018)

PICES Press

Summer 2018, Vol. 26, No. 2, pp. 20-24 [Download]
A new PICES/MAFF-sponsored project: Building capacity for coastal monitoring by small-scale fishers

Project Science Team members
Vladimir Kulik
(representative of MONITOR)
(TINRO-Center)
4 Shevchenko Alley
Vladivostok, Primorsky Kray
Russia 690091
E-mail: vladimir.kulik@tinro-center.ru
Joon-Soo Lee
(representative of TCODE)
Korea Oceanographic Data Center
National Institute of Fisheries Science
Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries
216 Gijanghaean-ro, Gijang-eup,
Gijang-gun, Busan,
Korea, R 46083
E-mail: leejoonsoo@korea.kr
Mitsutaku Makino
(representative of HD)
PST Co-Chairman
Fisheries Research and Education Agency
2-12-4 Fukuura, Kanazawa-ku
Yokohama, Kanagawa
Japan 236-8648
E-mail: mmakino@affrc.go.jp
Shion Takemura
(representative of HD)
National Research Institute of Fisheries Science
Japan Fisheries Research and Education Agency
2-12-4 Fukuura, Kanazawa-ku
Yokohama, Kanagawa
Japan 236-8648
E-mail: shiontakemura@affrc.go.jp
Naoki Tojo
(representative of FIS)
Faculty of Fisheries Sciences
Hokkaido University
3-1-1, Minato Cho
Hakodate
Japan 041-8611
E-mail: n.tojo.raven@fish.hokudai.ac.jp
Charles Trick
Department of Biology
Western University
Room 402, North Campus Bldg.
1151 Richmond St. N.
London, ON
Canada N6A 5B7
E-mail: trick@uwo.ca
Mark Wells
PST Co-Chairman
School of Marine Sciences
University of Maine
5741 Libby Hall
Orono, ME
U.S.A. 04469
E-mail: mlwells@maine.edu
Chang-an Xu
Third Institute of Oceanography
State Oceanic Administration
178, Daxue Road, Siming District
Xiamen, Fujian
China, 361005
E-mail: xuchangan@tio.org.cn
Alexander Bychkov
(ex-officio)
PICES Secretariat
9860 West Saanich Road
Sidney, BC
Canada V8L 4B2
E-mail: bychkov@pices.int