Scientific Program

Topic Sessions

S1: Running the Gamut Gauntlet: Socio-ecological modelling in a complex world

Convenors:
Geret DePiper, NOAA Fisheries (corresponding)
Steven Saul, Arizona State University
Tyler Eddy, University of South Carolina
Olivier Thebaud, Ifremer
Karen Hunter, Fisheries and Oceans Canada
Lisa L. Colburn, NOAA Fisheries
Jörn Schmidt, Kiel University
Sean Lucey, NOAA Fisheries

Format:
15 minute presentations + 5 minutes for questions + discussion

The transition to Ecosystem Based Management necessitates a suite of socio-ecological models and approaches to explore uncertainty around transition periods and trade-offs across all social and ecological objectives. However, there is still much to be learned in developing these interdisciplinary models. This session explores best practices in socio-ecological modelling from approaches spanning agent-based modelling, scenario development and analysis, integrated ecosystem assessments, and broader qualitative and quantitative modelling techniques. Particular focus will be placed on context-appropriate methods of integrating social objectives and knowledge systems (including economics), governance processes, system uncertainty, and behavioral heterogeneity into coupled models. The role of each approach, or alternately a suite of techniques, in developing management advice will be explored.

The session will look to answer questions including:

  • What are the recent advances and key challenges in assessing deep uncertainty for ocean and coastal systems through approaches such as scenario development?
  • How have social indicators been integrated into the management process given the spatial and temporal scale challenges of social data?
  • How can approaches such as agent-based modelling, which account for individual heterogeneity but are likely to be capacity-constrained, be effectively used in assessing multi-sector trade-offs?
  • How can governance processes best be incorporated in models of marine socio-ecological systems?
  • What roles can qualitative and quantitative modelling play in generating management advice, and what are best practices with respect to communicating their combined outputs to stakeholders and managers?
  • Given the importance of stakeholder participation and knowledge in fostering trust in management, what are best practices in engaging these individuals formally in modelling endeavors?

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S2: Improving marine governance with interdisciplinary research and cross-sectoral approaches

Convenors:
Alan Haynie, NOAA Fisheries
Céline Jacob, Université du Québec en Outaouais
Manuel Bellenger, IFREMER
Marta Ballesteros, CETMAR (corresponding)

Format:
15 minute presentations + 5 minutes for questions + discussion

Delivering research that is valuable for policy-making requires expanded interdisciplinary efforts to support governance. This theme session explores paths to better include the human dimension in marine research and governance. The topics will be organized in two complementary streams: 1) how to do interdisciplinary science to manage marine social-ecological systems; 2) how to utilize different approaches to the governance of marine social-ecological systems, including competing uses by multiple sectors of interconnected ecosystems components.

We welcome papers on methodological approaches, conceptual frameworks, comparative analyses, case studies, and critical reviews intended to advance a roadmap for effective collaboration and management-relevant research.

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S3: Sustainable Ocean Development

Convenors:
Amber Himes-Cornell, FAO (corresponding)
Olivier Guyader, IFREMER
Yinji Li, Tokai University
Stewart Frusher, University of Tasmania/Centre for Marine Socioecology

Format:
15 minute presentations + 5 minutes for questions + discussion

Sustainable Ocean Development is of global significance and is experiencing increased interest due to the recognition of its importance to address key global challenges and its everlasting importance to humankind. To ensure future sustainability, it is necessary to focus on what was achieved, where we are going, and what challenges we will face including the role that local and global actors play. This session will examine factors and perspectives for sustainable ocean use and development including the lessons learned from the past to inform the future. Sub-sessions will focus on community involvement, user rights, capital concentration and distribution of resources and returns.

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S4: Risk perception and assessment for marine ecosystem-based management

Convenors:
Phillip Levin, TNC (corresponding)
Maria José Juan-Jordá, Common Oceans ABNJ Tuna and Biodiversity Project, FAO
Tessa Francis, University of Washington

Format:
15 minute presentations + 5 minutes for questions + discussion

Integrated actions are needed to address the many pressures impacting marine ecosystems and the communities that depend on them. Resource managers are increasingly required to assess the cumulative risk of these pressures; however, public perception of risk often deviates from technical assessments. Managers thus face a dilemma: if they base their policies on technical assessments alone, they may lose public support; if they use only the perceptions as guidance, they may spend resources dedicated to risk reduction unwisely. Our highly interactive session will explore risk assessment and perception across a range of topics including climate, habitat, fishing communities, among others.

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S5: Mapping human dimensions onto seascapes: Progress and challenges in the integration and utilization of socioeconomic and ecological data in marine spatial planning and spatial considerations of marine ecosystems

Convenors:
Karma Norman, NOAA Northwest Fisheries Science Center (corresponding)
Wenhai Lu, National Marine Data and Information Service
Kirsten Leong, NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center
Jamie Tam, Bedford Institute of Oceanography, Oceans and Ecosystem Sciences Division

Format:
15 minute presentations + 5 minutes for questions + discussion

Marine socio-ecological systems provide benefits to society. As scientists develop spatial analyses of marine ecosystems and associated benefits, demand for diverse socioeconomic data expands, alongside the emphasis on integration of socioeconomic and ecological data. We highlight the intersection of spatial approaches and socioeconomic data in integrated ecosystem assessments, describe their integration with ecological data, outline and address challenges in socioeconomic data collection and integration, discuss marine environmental carrying capacity and the suitability of spatial development, identify the ways in which natural resources restrict development in marine spatial planning and provide dialogue opportunities on future spatial marine research and policy efforts.

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S6: Social-Ecological Systems Thinking: From Cultural Services Perspectives

Convenors:
Shang Sunny Chen, FIO, MNR, China (corresponding)
Aoi Sugimoto, Japan Fisheries Research and Education Agency
Karen Alexander, University of Tasmania/Centre for Marine Socioecology
Shion Takemura, Japan Fisheries Research and Education Agency

Format:
15 minute presentations + 5 minutes for questions + discussion

Marine Ecosystem Services(MES) which link ecosystem state and human well-being are one of the most important languages of social-ecological systems thinking. In theory, MES are a vital component of Ecosystem-Based Management underpinning sustainable Blue Economic growth. In practice, large-scale assessment of ecosystem services concepts in sea and ocean are generally limited to the supply side and critically, lack consideration of human demand. This is particularly true for cultural services. This session, therefore, welcomes quantitative and qualitative contributions from any discipline which help to incorporate cultural services into marine governance and regional economic development. In particular, we encourage the utilization of some boundary objects (maps, games, etc.) which can contribute to the visualization of cultural services.

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S7: Co-production of knowledge, participatory approaches and engagement with stakeholders

Convenors:
Louise Gammage, University of Cape Town (corresponding)
Matthew McPherson, NOAA Fisheries
Mitsutaku Makino, University of Tokyo
Alicia Said, IFREMER

Format:
15 minute presentations + 5 minutes for questions + discussion

Complexity in marine social-ecological systems presents challenges for achieving balance between ecological sustainability and the needs and desires of resource users. Inter- and transdisciplinary research methods provide the opportunity to integrate diverse perspectives and to engage stakeholders to foment the co-production of knowledge and visions to inform decision-making. This session provides case studies of innovative use of interdisciplinary and participatory methods, applied at various scales to inform fisheries and other global ecosystem challenges. We seek to understand best practices in converting co-production of knowledge to management relevance. A panel will discuss the lessons learned for the design of SES projects and for the sustainability of marine ecosystems.

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S8: Applying and integrating marine biodiversity indicators and assessments to evaluate progress towards policy goals

Convenors:
Abigail McQuatters-Gollop, University of Plymouth (corresponding)
Ian Mitchell, Joint Nature Conservation Committee
Jake Rice, DFO
Amber Himes-Cornell, FAO
Saskia Otto, University of Hamburg
Cristina Vina Herbon, Joint Nature Conservation Committee
Laurent Guerin, Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle

Format:
15 minute presentations + 5 minutes for questions + discussion

Assessing the overall status or trends of biodiversity and ecosystems is increasingly required as part of reporting progress towards national and international policy goals. Such assessments often require the integration of indicators across multiple biodiversity features and can cover the effects from a range of human activities for large areas of ocean. The evidence used in these assessments may be collected at different geographic scales and come from multiple knowledge systems. This session welcomes presentations on qualitative and quantitative multi-scale approaches to biodiversity ecosystem assessments, including indicator development, integration methods, and baseline and target setting approaches, and how they can be used to assess ecosystem services and improve conservation measures.

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S9: Coastal Communities and Change

Convenors:
Tony Charles, St. Mary’s University (corresponding)
Sathaporn Monprapussorn, Srinakharinwirot University
Emily Ogier, University of Tasmania/Centre for Marine Socioecology
Karen Alexander, University of Tasmania/Centre for Marine Socioecology

Format:
15 minute presentations + 5 minutes for questions + discussion

Applying a “lens” of coastal communities, this session will use presentations and facilitated discussions to explore how change, conflict, climate, poverty and food security, and integrated assessment, interact in the context of coastal communities.

Coastal Communities and Change: #1. Land Use. Driving forces behind change of land use in coastal zones and its impact on socio-ecological systems.

Coastal Communities and Change. #2. Values. Charting changing coastal uses, values and preferences, and implications for trade-offs, cooperation and conflict in the coastal zone.

Coastal Communities and Change. #3. Climate and Human Development. Exploring the challenge of developing integrated responses to deal together with (a) changing climate and (b) the changing nature of livelihoods, economies, poverty and food security in coastal communities.

Coastal Communities and Change. #4. Integrated Assessment. Participatory discussion session on innovative monitoring of change in ocean uses, using coastal communities as units of analysis within multi-sectoral integrated assessment.

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S10: Vulnerability of marine SES to climatic changes and anthropogenic pressures

Convenors:
Stefan Koenigstein, University of California Santa Cruz (corresponding)
Irene Martins, CIIMAR, University of Porto
Vanessa Stelzenmüller, Thünen Institute of Sea Fisheries
Filipa Bessa, MARE, University of Coimbra
Lotta Kluger, Leibniz Centre for Tropical Marine Research
Christian Möllmann, University of Hamburg
Ana Spalding, Oregon State University
Martina Stiasny, Institute of Marine Research

Format:
15 minute presentations + 5 minutes for questions + discussion

Marine systems are vulnerable to environmental variability, intensifying climate change and increasing human pressures, such as over-exploitation, pollution and ocean acidification. These can have severe consequences for marine organisms, ecosystem services and their users. When the adaptive capacities of marine ecosystems or user groups and communities are exceeded, unexpected tipping points can be reached.

We invite case studies and methodologies that address the internal variability, responses to external drivers, and users’ adaptive capacities in marine social-ecological systems (SES). By improving understanding of the vulnerability to combined drivers, we aim to identify adaptive governance strategies that can strengthen the resilience of marine-human systems under global change.

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Evening Session: We all think we are inter and transdisciplinary: Are we really, what makes it work, and how can we support integration in marine SES?

Convenors:
Carla Sbrocchi, University of Technology Sydney/Centre for Marine Socioecology (corresponding)
Ana Spalding, Oregon State University (corresponding)
Karen Alexander, University of Tasmania/Centre for Marine Socioecology
Lorenzo Ciannelli, Oregon State University
Flaxen Conway, Oregon State University
Ingrid van Putten, CSIRO/Centre for Marine Socioecology

Format:
We envisage a mixture of presentation methods in this session that may demonstrate or test approaches to transdisciplinary research. This includes short “ignite” presentations, a pitch session to a Shark Tank of interdisciplinary researchers, and brainstorming to explore alternative institutional structures for interdisciplinarity. We aim to establish a network and synthesise the session findings into a best practices paper.

Research is increasingly adopting interdisciplinary and applied approaches to address complex marine and coastal issues. This session draws on a range of experiences of interdisciplinary training, research, and leadership related to marine SES across the globe, asking: What are the conditions that make these approaches successful? What are some practical techniques for integrated research? Can such an approach generate implementable solutions and also provide researchers with academic credit and future opportunities? What are funders looking for in interdisciplinary proposals?

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Important Dates
July TBA, 2019
OPENS soon
  1. Early registration
September 15, 2019
November 1, 2019