Assessing the Debris-Related Impact of Tsunami
  • Acronym: ADRIFT
  • Term: April 2014 - March 2017
  • Project Science Team Co-Chairs:
    Thomas Therriault (Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Canada)
    Hideaki Maki (National Institute for Environmental Studies, Japan)
    Nancy Wallace (NOAA Marine Debris Program, USA)
Background

The Great East Japan Earthquake, with magnitude 9.1, struck off Japan’s Tōhoku coast on March 11, 2011, and triggered a massive tsunami wave that surged inland across kilometres of shoreline. This event was a natural disaster of staggering proportions, causing loss of human life, property destruction and environmental damage. More than 15,000 people tragically lost their lives, over 2,500 were reported missing, and more than 6,000 were injured.

With the tsunami, about 5 million tons of debris swept from the land and coastal systems into the ocean. The Government of Japan estimates that 70% of that debris sank close to shore, leaving 1.5 million tons floating in the North Pacific with the potential to arrive on North American and Hawaiian coastlines.

The first confirmed instances of Japanese tsunami debris washing up on the shores of North America occurred in March 2012. Since then, over 1600 debris sightings have been reported, of which many pieces could be confirmed as Japanese-origin tsunami debris. This includes two large concrete docks, originally from Misawa, Japan, that were found on beaches in Oregon and Washington (with a number of non-native species attached) and more than 200 small boats, many of which have been confirmed as lost during the tsunami. The North American coast already endures marine debris from terrestrial and aquatic sources, but there may be additional impacts from the increase in abundance and differing debris types due to the tsunami.

Aside from the impacts of additional marine debris itself, there is the possibility of debris carrying coastal Japanese species to North American coasts. The two docks together had hundreds of Japanese species and tens of thousands of individuals attached, alive, and some reproductively active. Many of the species were not known previously from North America and have the potential to invade coastal ecosystems. For example, species of sea stars, hydroid , mussels and fish collected from tsunami debris have been confirmed as non-native to the Pacific coast of North America.

Project organization and funding

In 2014, PICES accepted a request from the Government of Japan to undertake a project referred to as ADRIFT (Assessing the Debris-Related Impact of Tsunami” to be funded by the Ministry of the Environment of Japan (MoE). The project lifetime was 3 years: April 15, 2014 – March 31, 2017, and total funding for this period was $3,681,547 CAD.

The project was directed by a Project Science Team (PST) made up of researchers from Canada, Japan, the United States and the PICES Secretariat, and co-chaired by three PICES members: Dr. Thomas Therriault (Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Canada), Dr. Hideaki Maki (National Institute for Environmental Studies, Japan) and Ms. Nancy Wallace (NOAA Office of Response and Restoration). The PST Co-Chairs were responsible for the scientific implementation of the project and annual reporting to MoE and PICES Science Board. They were strongly supported by the first PICES Visiting Scientist, Dr. Cathryn Clarke Murray. Dr. Alexander Bychkov served as the Project Coordinator and was responsible for the management of the fund and for reporting annually on its disposition to MoE and PICES Governing Council.

Project goal and areas of research

The overall project goal was to assess and forecast the effects of debris generated by the tsunami that followed the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake (termed Japanese Tsunami Marine Debris or JTMD), especially those related to non-indigenous species (NIS), on ecosystem structure and function, the coastlines, and communities of the Pacific coast of North America and in Hawaii, and to suggest research and management actions to mitigate any impacts.

The project focuses on three main areas of research:

  1. modeling movement of JTMD in the North Pacific;
  2. surveillance and monitoring of JTMD landfall and accumulation; and
  3. assessing potential impacts from JTMD and associated NIS to coastal ecosystems in Pacific North America.
Products
ADRIFT Scientific Report
ADRIFT Executive Summary (in English)
ADRIFT Executive Summary (in Japanese)
ADRIFT Scientific Report
Outreach Products
ADRIFT Factsheet (in English)
ADRIFT Factsheet (in Japanese)
ADRIFT Videoscibe
Publications

A special issue of Aquatic Invasions on “Transoceanic dispersal of marine life from Japan to North America and the Hawaiian Islands as a result of the Japanese Earthquake and Tsunami of 2011” (Guest Editors: Dr. James Carlton and Amy Fowler) – a collection of papers on the taxonomy of species associated with Japanese tsunami marine debris from research funded by the Oregon Sea Grant in 2012-2013, National Science Foundation in 2013-2014, and the ADRIFT project. The expected publication date - late 2017.

A special issue of Marine Pollution Bulletin on “The Effect of Marine Debris caused by the Great Tsunami of 2011” (Guest Editor: Cathryn Clarke Murray, Hideaki Maki, Thomas Therriault and Nancy Wallace) – a collection of papers on modeling, surveillance, monitoring, ecology and risk of species from the ADRIFT project. The expected publication date - early 2018.

Benthic marine algae on Japanese tsunami marine debris – a morphological documentation of the species (by G.I. Hansen, G.I., T. Hanyuda and H. Kawai) will be available through Oregon State University’s online library in September 2017(2017).
Part 1: The tsunami event, the project overview, and the red algae. OSU Scholars Archive, Corvallis, pp. 1-49
Part 2: The brown algae
Part 3: The green algae

Legacy Products

PICES JTMD species database
This database on the Smithsonian Institution online portal NEMESIS (National Exotic Marine and Estuarine Species Information System) provides detailed information on the distribution, biology, ecology, life history traits and invasion history of the invertebrate and algae species associated with debris originating from the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami, and is an important resource for improving our basic understanding of species transport, attributes related to invasion success, and can contribute to risk assessments.

JTMD specimen archive
The collection and processing of over 650 registered JTMD items produced more than 1,000 individual samples (marine invertebrates) in museum-quality glass jars. Considerable curatorial effort was focused on establishing the JTMD Biodiversity Archive for long-term stewardship at the Royal British Columbia Museum in Victoria, Canada (contact: Dr. Henry Choong, Curator, Invertebrate Zoology). This archives will allow researchers world-wide to have access to this unique resource, especially with the undoubted advance of new analytical techniques in years to come. The archive deposition is "in progress" and will be completed in 2017. Additional funding for this activity was provided by Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO) through a grant from the Priorities and Partnership Fund to PICES.

Aerial surveys
Systematic aerial surveys were conducted to search for, and quantify, JTMD arriving on the coastlines of British Columbia and Hawaii. These surveys were the first comprehensive debris evaluation in these two regions providing an important baseline of marine debris, and complemented similar efforts conducted previously in Alaska. Products from these surveys are available through publicly-accessible online mapping portals for others to use:

  • aerial photographs of more than 1,500 km of the exposed outer coast of British Columbia (BC), debris ranking segments and maps through the BC Provincial Government online mapping portal (PICES Tsunami Debris Aerial Photo Survey); funding for GIS analysis of the tagged photographs was provided by the Japan Tsunami Gift Fund, administered by the BC Ministry of Environment.
  • aerial photographs of the eight main Hawaiian Islands (~2000 km of coastline) and maps through ArcGIS Story Map, and through the State of Hawaii Office of Planning Service Directory; this effort was funded by the ADRIFT project as well as the Japan Tsunami Gift Fund to the Pacific Coast states administered by NOAA's Marine Debris Program.
JTMD algae identification guides
  • The Seaweed Field Identification Guide available online through Kobe University provides information for morphologically identifying some of the most prominent species of seaweeds found on JTMD, and can be used to detect JTMD algal species and help prevent invasions along the coast.

Scientific Reports of Funded Research Activities

Modeling studies in support of research on impact of alien species transported by marine debris from the 2011 Great Tohoku Tsunami in Japan (2014–2017)
PIs: N. Maximenko (University of Hawaii, USA), M. Kamachi (JAMSTEC, Japan) and A. MacFadyen (NOAA, USA)
Final Report

Japanese Tsunami Marine Debris (JTMD) and alien species invasions: Continued characterization of JTMD biodiversity (2014–2017)
PI: J. Carlton (Williams College, USA)
Final Report
Appendices

Japanese Tsunami Marine Debris (JTMD) and alien species invasions: PICES interception of non-native species on JTMD and genetic, morphological, and parasitological analyses of JTMD North American and Japanese vouchers (2014–2017)
PI: G. Ruiz (Smithsonian Environmental Research Center, USA)
Final Report

PICES Tohoku coastal field survey (fouling plate) – supplemental study for U.S. tsunami debris spp. list (2015–2017)
PIs: H. Kato, T. Yonezawa and K. Baba (JANUS, Japan)
Year 3 Report
Year 2 Report

Japanese Tsunami Marine Debris (JTMD) and alien species invasions: Molecular identification species on JTMD and DNA barcoding of Japanese vouchers (2014–2017)
PI: J. Geller (Moss Landing Marine Laboratories, USA)
Final Report
Appendix 1

Japanese Tsunami Marine Debris (JTMD) and alien species invasions: Biological sampling and characterization of JTMD (2014–2017)
PI: J. Chapman (Hatfield Marine Science Center, Oregon State University, USA)
Final Report

Marine algae arriving on JTMD (Japanese Tsunami Marine Debris) and their invasion threat to the Northwestern Pacific coasts (2014–2017)
PI: H. Kawai (Kobe University, Japan)
Final Report
Appendix 1

Marine algae arriving on Japanese Tsunami Marine Debris (JTMD) and their invasion threat to the coasts of Oregon and Washington, USA (2014–2017)
PI: G. Hansen (Oregon State University, USA)
Final Report

Development of life history database for Japanese Tsunami Marine Debris (JTMD) biota (2015–2016)
PI: J. Miller (Oregon State University, USA)
Final Report

Analysis of distributional, environmental, and life history attributes of Japanese Tsunami Marine Debris (JTMD) biota (2016–2017)
PI: J. Miller (Oregon State University, USA)
Final Report

Webcam monitoring of marine/tsunami debris (2014–2017)
PI: A. Isobe (Kyushu University, Japan)
Year 3 Report
Year 2 Report
Year 1 Report

Hawaiian Islands marine debris aerial imagery survey (2015–2016)
PI: B. Neilson (Hawaii Department of Land and Natural Resources, USA)
Final Report

Japanese marine debris aerial imagery analysis and GIS support (2016)
PIs: M. Hamnett and K. Davidson (Hawaii Coral Reef Initiative, Social Science Research Institute, USA)
Final Report

Synthesizing the state of debris in Hawaii from 2015 aerial imagery and spatial analysis data (2016–2017)
PIs: M. Hamnett and K. Davidson (Hawaii Coral Reef Initiative, Social Science Research Institute, USA) and B. Neilson (DLNR, Hawaii, USA)
Final Report

Surveillance and monitoring of tsunami debris
PIs: C. Murray (PICES) and N. Wallace (NOAA, USA)
Final Report

PICES Press

Winter 2017, Vol. 25, No. 1, pp. 32–35
Webcam monitoring and modeling of Japanese tsunami marine debris.

Winter 2017, Vol. 25, No. 1, pp. 36–39
Mapping patterns of marine debris in the main Hawaiian Islands using aerial imagery and spatial analysis.

Summer 2016, Vol. 24, No. 2, pp. 26–27
The Little Green Bucket’s 10,000 mile journey.

Winter 2016, Vol 24, No. 1, pp. 24–28
The mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis on Japanese tsunami marine debris: A potential model species to characterize a novel transport vector.

Summer 2015, Vol. 23, No. 2, pp. 32–36
Modeling the drift of marine debris generated by the 2011 tsunami in Japan.

Winter 2015, Vol. 23, No. 1, pp. 28–30

The impact of Japanese tsunami debris on North America.

Annual Progress Reports
Progress Report, Year 2 (Apr. 2015 - Mar. 2016)
Progress Report, Year 1 (Apr. 2014 - Mar. 2015)
Annual Financial Reports
Financial Report, Year 3 (Apr. 2016 - Mar. 2017)
Financial Report, Year 2 (Apr. 2015 - Mar. 2016)
Financial Report, Year 1 (Apr. 2014 - Mar. 2015)
Meetings and Events
  • Topic session on "The risk of marine debris mega-pulse events: Lessons from the 2011 Great Japan Tsunami" at the Sixth International Marine Debris Conference (March 12-16, 2018, San Diego, CA, USA) – a series of presentations on overall project findings

  • PICES/ICES Theme Session on “Bioinvasion trajectories and impacts in contrasting marine environment” at the 2017 ICES ASC (September 18-21, 2017, Fort Lauderdale, FL, USA) – presentation of project findings on potential impacts from JTMD and associated NIS to coastal ecosystems in Pacific North America

  • Eighth Project Co-Chairmen Meeting (May 20-21, 2017, Sendai/Matsushima, Japan)

  • Public EventWhere have the tsunami-rafted objects gone?” (May 20, 2017, Sendai, Japan)
    Program /Poster /Abstracts /Presentations

  • Seminar for Tohoku University graduate students on “Marine debris from the Great Tsunami of 2011 – Overview” (May 19, 2017, Sendai, Japan)
    Program /Abstracts /Presentations

  • International Symposium on “Effects of marine debris caused by the Great Tsunami of 2011” (May 18, 2017, Tokyo, Japan)
    Program /Poster /Abstracts /Presentations

  • Fourth Risk Assessment Workshop (January 10–12, 2017, Burlington, Canada)

  • PICES-2016 Topic Session (photo 1, photo 2) on “The effect of marine debris caused by the Great Tsunami of 2011” (November 8–9, 2016, San Diego, USA)
    Summary /Presentations

  • Seventh Project Co-Chairmen Meeting (November 4, 2016, San Diego, USA)

  • Third Risk Assessment Workshop (August 10–12, 2016, Montreal, Canada)

  • Sixth Project Co-Chairmen Meeting (April 19–21, 2016, Vancouver, Canada)

  • Fifth Project Co-Chairmen Meeting, Third Project Science Team meeting and Seminar (Jim Carlton: The 2011 Japanese Tsunami Marine Debris Field: Origins and Biodiversity) for the Sessile Organisms Society of Japan (February 22–26, 2016, Tokyo, Japan)

  • Ninth International Conference on Marine Bioinvasions (January 19-21, 2016, Sydney, Australia) – project overview
    Poster

  • Second Risk Assessment Workshop in conjunction with the Ninth International Conference on Marine Bioinvasions (January 17, 2016, Sydney, Australia)

  • First Risk Assessment Workshop (photo 1, photo 2) (November 16–18, 2015, Maryland, USA)

  • Fourth Project Co-Chairmen Meeting in conjunction with PICES-2015 (October 16, 2015, Qingdao, China)

  • Third Project Co-Chairmen Meeting and a seminar with a project overview for NOAA (May 11–12, 2015, Silver Spring, USA)
    Presentation

  • Second Project Science Team Meeting (March 16–18, 2015, Honolulu, USA)
    Report

  • Second Project Co-Chairmen Meeting (February 25-26, 2015, Sidney, BC, Canada)

  • Second International Ocean Research Conference (November 17-21, 2014, Barcelona, Spain) – project overview
    Poster
    This poster as one of the best 10 posters (among more than 250) presented during the conference, sailed around the world on board of the IMOCA boat, One Planet, One Ocean – Pharmaton, participating in the 3rd Barcelona World Race.
    http://www.barcelonaworldrace.org/en/teams/one-planet-one-ocean-pharmaton

  • First Project Co-Chairmen Meeting in conjunction with PICES-2014 (October 17, 2014, Yeosu, Korea)

  • First Project Science Team Meeting (July 30–August 1, 2014, Seattle, USA)
    Report

Useful Links

Headquarters for Ocean Policy, Government of Japan [Link]
Action of Japan to the drifting matters washed out by the March 11 Earthquake (so-called '3.11 Tsunami Debris')

NOAA Marine Debris Program [Link]

International Pacific Research Center: Marine and Tsunami Debris [Link]

Oregon State University [Link]

Mystic-Williams College [Link]

Smithsonian Environmental Research Center (SERC): Marine Invasions Research Lab [Link]

State of Alaska DEC Japan Tsunami Debris Survey [Link]

Webcam images [Link]

Media and News

The Clam that Sank A Thousand Ships - Dec 5, 2016
Hakai Magazine [Link]

Photo Data Supports A Variety of Activities - July 19, 2016
DataBC - Blog [Link]

BC coast to see historic cleanup of marine debris as Japanese tsunami money runs out â€" July 20, 2016
Vancouver Sun [Link]

More marine debris hitting Niihau than any other isle - June 1, 2016
Honolulu Star-Advertiser [Link]

Aerial surveys document ocean debris around Hawaii - May 31, 2016
ABC News [Link]

Debris peppered with plastic - June 1, 2016
The Garden Island [Link]

Taking stock of marine debris; Survey finds 2,200 pieces on Big Island shores - June 1, 2016
Hawaii Tribune-Herald and West Hawaii [Link]

Aerial survey finds mostly plastic, limited tsunami marine debris in Hawaii - May 31, 2016
KHON2 Video [Link], Text [Link]

DLNR Conducts 1st Aerial Survey of Marine Debris - June 1, 2016
Hawaii Public Radio [Link]

Plastic Dominates Hawaii Marine Debris, Survey Shows - May 31, 2016
Big Island Video News [Link]

Statewide Survey of Marine Debris Shows Plastic is Most Prevalent: Aerial Survey Targeted At Japan Tsunami Marine Debris
Hawaii DLNR (Department of Land and Natural Resources) Video news release [Link]

Atsuhiko Isobe. Remote monitoring of marine debris. Hatfield Marine Science Center Seminar, Auditorium, 21 March 2016. Hosted by Oregon State University and Surfrider Foundation. [Link]

Japan tsunami marine debris: A look back five years later - 11 March, 2016
By: Nancy Wallace, director of the NOAA Marine Debris Program, Project Co-Chair
[Link]

Cathryn Clarke Murray. Art, Aliens, and Radiation. Vancouver Aquarium Public Event
March 7, 2016, Vancouver Aquarium Marine Science Centre, Vancouver, Canada
[Link]

Marine life taken global by tsunami trash - Wednesday 30 March 2016
Radio New Zealand. Nine to Noon.
[Link]

How the Japanese tsunami sent marine invaders across the ocean - and why you should be worried. By Emma Johnston and Jim Carlton - January 17, 2016
The Conversation [Link]

Strangers on the Shore by Larry Pynn - October 21, 2015
Hakai Magazine [Link]

Mountains of debris from the Japanese tsunami have floated to the West Coast - 5 Aug 2015
Washington Post [Link]

Alaska Starts Cleaning Up Debris From Japan Spread by 2011 Tsunami - 12 July 2015
The New York Times [Link]

Japanese boat pieces, possible tsunami debris, to be removed – 28 April 2015
Honolulu Star-Advertiser [Link]

Boat likely washed away in 2011 tsunami washes up on Oahu beach; bins found on other islands – 26 April 2015
Greenfield Daily Reporter [Link]

More Japan Tsunami Debris Washes Up on Island Shores – 26 April 2015
Maui Now [Link]

Japan Tsunami Debris Travels to Hawai'i – 24 April 2015
Big Island Now [Link]

Suspected tsunami debris removed from beach – 24 April 2015
Honolulu Star-Advertiser [Link]

State confirms vessel found off East Oahu is tsunami debris – 24 April 2015
KHON2 [Link]

Fish found in suspected tsunami debris boat quarantined – 17 April 2015
Yahoo News [Link]

Fish found in suspected tsunami debris boat... 17 April 2015
durhamregion.com [Link]

Boat remains, thought to be Japanese tsunami debris, deliver Asian fish to Oregon Coast – 15 April 2015
OregonLive.com [Link]

Fish found in suspected tsunami debris boat... – 17 April 2015
Waterloo Record [Link]

Tsunami Boat Has Oregon Coast Officials on Lookout for Invasive Algae – 14 April 2015
Oregon Coast Beach Connection [Link]

Debris believed from Japan 2011 tsunami found along Oregon coast – 12 April 2015
Examiner.com [Link]

Tree on Wash. coast likely Japanese tsunami debris – 7 April 2015
kgw.com [Link]

New Asian 'Tsunami Fish' Causes a Stir with Oregon Coast Scientists – 2 March 2015
Oregon Coast Beach Connection [Link]

Fish native to Japanese water found in Oregon crab pot – 26 Feb 2015
kgw.com [Link]

Japanese tsunami debris bring foreign flora and fauna to US shores. 19 Feb 2015
Monterey County Weekly [Link]

Where the world ends up when the ocean spits it out – 28 January 2015. Juneau Empire.com
[Link]

Tsunami Debris Still Arriving – 24 January 2015. The Garden Island.
[Link]

Japanese Researchers Visit Oregon for Marine Debris Project – 14 January 2015. Surfrider Foundation blog.
[Link]

After Long, Cold Trip Across Pacific on Tsunami Debris, Sea Creatures Find Little Warmth – 12 January 2015. Wall Street Journal
[Link]

Invasive mussels land on B.C. coast with Japan tsunami boat – 07 October 2013
[Link]

Aerial survey reveals marine, tsunami debris widespread across Alaska coast – 05 February 2013 [Link]

Storm pounding West Coast will bring more tsunami debris – 12 December 2014
[Link]

Invasive species hitchhiking to west coast on tsunami debris – 08 March 2013
[Link]

Tsunami triggers invasion concerns – 06 March 2013
[Link]

America threatened by sea species hitching a ride on tsunami debris – 14 October 2012 – The Telegraph [Link]

Desperate scramble to remove 'toxic' seaweed reaching U.S. shore on tsunami debris – 10 June 2012
[Link]

Japan Tsunami Debris: Invasive Species Ride Debris To US Shore – 09 June 2012
[Link]

As Japan debris washes up in the US, scientists fear break in natural order – 09 June 2012 [Link]
Project Science Team Members
Alexander Bychkov (ex-officio)
PICES Secretariat
9860 W. Saanich Road
Sidney, BC, Canada
Phone: (1-250) 363-6346
Email: bychkov@pices.int
James T. Carlton
Williams College
Williams-Mystic, The Maritime Studies Program
of Williams College and Mystic Seaport
P. O. Box 6000
75 Greenmanville Avenue
Mystic, Connecticut 06355 USA
Phone: (1-860) 572-5359
Email: jcarlton@williams.edu
Cathryn Clarke Murray (ex-officio)
PICES Secretariat
9860 W. Saanich Road
Sidney, BC, Canada
Phone: (1-250) 363-6911
Email: cmurray@pices.int
Patrick Cummins
Institute of Ocean Sciences
Fisheries and Oceans Canada
9860 W. Saanich Road
Sidney, BC, Canada
Phone: (1-250) 363-6553
Email: Patrick.Cummins@dfo-mpo.gc.ca
Atsuhiko Isobe
Kyushu University
6-1 Kasuga-Koen
Kasuga, Japan
Phone: (81-92) 583-7726,
Email: aisobe@riam.kyushu-u.ac.jp
Hiroshi Kawai
Research Center for Inland Seas
Kobe University
1-1 Rokkodai, Nadaku
Kobe , Hyogo
Japan 657-8501
Phone: (81-78) 803-5710
Fax: (81-78) 803-5710
E-mail: kawai@kobe-u.ac.jp
Amy MacFayden
Emergency Response Division
US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
7600 Sand Point Way
Seattle, WA 98115
Phone: (1-206) 526-6954
Email: Amy.MacFadyen@noaa.gov
Hideaki Maki (Co-Chairman)
Marine Environment Section
National Institute for Environmental Studies (NIES)
16-2 Onogawa Tsukuba Ibaraki 305-8506 Japan
Phone: (81-29) 850-2394
Email: hidemaki@nies.go.jp
Thomas Therriault (Co-Chairman)
Fisheries and Oceans Canada
Pacific Biological Station
3190 Hammond Bay Rd.
Nanaimo , British Columbia, Canada
Phone: (1-250) 756-7394
Fax: (1-250) 756-7138
Email: Thomas.Therriault@dfo-mpo.gc.ca
Nancy Wallace (Co-Chairman)
Marine Debris Program
US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
1305 East West Highway
Silver Spring, Maryland, USA, 20910
Phone: (1-301) 713-2989
Email: Nancy.Wallace@noaa.gov

Hideaki Maki (hidemaki@nies.go.jp) is a Senior Researcher at the National Institute for Environmental Studies (NIES). He had studied microbial degradation of crude oil in marine environments and conducted some field experiments of crude oil bioremediation. Recently, he has been monitoring water and sediment parameters relevant to hypoxia in Tokyo Bay. After the Great East Japan Earthquake, he has been involved in monitoring hydrocarbons contamination of sediments in the Tohoku coastal sea. Hideaki is the Japanese Co-Chair of the project on “Effects of marine debris caused by the Great Tsunami of 2011”, funded by the Ministry of the Environment of Japan, and serves as a member of the PICES Marine Environmental Quality committee and Working Group on Emerging Topics in Marine Pollution.

Thomas Therriault (thomas.therriault@dfo-mpo.gc.ca) is a Research Scientist with Fisheries and Oceans Canada working on a variety of invasive species issues. He is the Canadian Co-Chair of the project on “Effects of marine debris caused by the Great Tsunami of 2011”, funded by the Ministry of the Environment of Japan, and Chairman of PICES Science Board.

Nancy Wallace (nancy.wallace@noaa.gov) is the Director of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s Marine Debris Program, which is the federal lead for researching, preventing, and reducing the impacts of marine debris in the United States. She is the US Co-Chair of the project on “Effects of marine debris caused by the Great Tsunami of 2011”, funded by the Ministry of the Environment of Japan, and serves a members of the PICES Working Group on Emerging Topics in Marine Pollution. Nancy has worked on ocean policy related issues for the past decade. Her work includes resource conservation with the National Park Service, developing sustainable catch limits for fisheries off the east coast of the United States and efforts to improve water quality in the Gulf of Mexico.

Alexander Bychkov (ex-officio, bychkov@pices.int) was the Deputy Executive Secretary of PICES from 1996–1999 and the Executive Secretary of the Organization from 1999–2014. He serves now as a Special Projects Coordinator with PICES, and the project on “Effects of marine debris caused by the Great Tsunami of 2011”, funded by the Ministry of the Environment of Japan, is one of his primary responsibilities.

Cathryn Clarke Murray (ex-officio, cmurray@pices.int) is a Visiting Scientist with PICES on the project “Effects of marine debris caused by the Great Tsunami of 2011”, funded by the Ministry of the Environment of Japan. She is also Adjunct Professor in the Institute for Resources, Environment and Sustainability at the University of British Columbia. Cathryn has worked with WWF (World Wildlife Fund) - Canada on the cumulative effect of human activities, with Fisheries and Oceans Canada on ecological risk assessment, and studied the spread of invasive species on marine recreational boats.

ADRIFT Researchers
John Chapman
Fisheries and Wildlife
Oregon State University
2030 SE Marine Science Drive
Newport, OR, 97365, USA
Email john.chapman@oregonstate.edu
Kristine Davidson
Social Science Research Institute
University of Hawaii at Manoa
2424 Maile Way, #718
Honolulu, HI, 96822, USA
E-mail: kgd@hawaii.edu
Toshio Furota
Tokyo Bay Ecosystem Research Center,
Toho University
Miyama 2-2-1
Funabashi, Chiba, 274-8510, Japan
Phone +43-496+2728
Email furota@env.sci.toho-u.ac.jp
Jonathan B. Geller
Moss Landing Marine Laboratories
8272 Moss Landing Road,
Moss Landing CA 95039, USA
E-mail geller@mlml.calstate.edu
Gayle I. Hansen
Oregon State University / HMSC-EPA
2111 SE Marine Science Drive
Newport, Oregon, USA, 97365-5260
Phone +1 541-867-5012
Email hansengi@outlook.com
Takeaki Hanyuda
Research Center for Inland Seas
Kobe University
1-1 Rokkodai, Nadaku
1-2 Kobe, Hyogo, 657-8501, Japan
E-mail: hanyut@kobe-u.ac.jp
Takami Hideki
Tohoku National Fisheries Research Institute,
Fisheries Research Agency
3-27-5 Shinhama
Shiogama, Miyagi 985-0001, Japan
Phone +81-22-365-9931
Email htakami@affrc.go.jp
Hirofumi Hinata
Ehime University
3 Bunkyo-cho
Matsuyama, Japan
Phone +81-89-927-9835
Email hinata@cee.ehime-u.ac.jp
Shin'ichiro Kako
Kagoshima University
1-21-40, Korimoto
Kagoshima, Japan
Phone +81-99-285-8473
Email kako@oce.kagoshima-u.ac.jp
Masafumi Kamachi
Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), FRA
3173-25 Showa-machi, Kanazawa-ku
Yokohama, Japan 236-0001
Email kamachimasa@jamstec.go.jp
Tomoya Kataoka
Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Science and Technology,
Tokyo University of Science
2641 Yamasaki, Noda, Chiba, 278-8510, Japan
Email: tkata@rs.tus.ac.jp
Sandra Lindstrom
Department of Botany
University of British Columbia
6270 University Boulevard
Vancouver, BC, V6T 1Z4, Canada
Email: Sandra.lindstrom@botany.ubc.ca
Nikolai A. Maximenko
International Pacific Research Center
School of Ocean & Earth Science & Technology
University of Hawaii at Manoa
Phone +1-808-956-2584
Email maximenk@hawaii.edu
Jessica Miller
Oregon State University,
Hatfield Marine Science Center
Coastal Oregon Marine Experiment Station
2030 SE Marine Science Drive,
Newport, Oregon, USA, 97365
Phone +1 (541) 867-0381
Email Jessica.Miller@oregonstate.edu
Kirsten Moy
Social Science Research Institute
University of Hawaii at Manoa
2424 Maile Way, #718
Honolulu, HI, 96822, USA
E-mail: kmoy@hawaii.edu
Brian Neilson
Division of Aquatic Resources
Department of Land and Natural Resources
1151 Punchbowl Street #330
Honolulu, HI 96813, USA
Email brian.j.neilson@hawaii.gov
Michio Otani
Osaka Museum of Natural History
1-23 Nagaikoen
Email michio-otani@h5.dion.ne.jp
Gregory M. Ruiz
Marine Invasion Research Laboratory
Smithsonian Environmental Research Center
647 Contees Wharf Road
P.O. Box 28
Edgewater, Maryland, USA 21037
Email ruizg@si.edu