Section: Carbon and Climate
Terms of Reference

Revised in April 2008

  1. Coordinate and encourage ongoing and planned national and international syntheses of carbon cycle research studies in the North Pacific and, where necessary and appropriate, for the larger Pacific basin;
  2. Ensure effective two-way communication with other international scientific groups that have a responsibility for the coordination of ocean carbon studies, such as the International Ocean Carbon Coordination Project (IOCCP), CLIVAR/CO2 Repeat Hydrography and the SOLAS/IMBER implementation group for carbon research;
  3. Review the existing information on carbon cycling in the North Pacific, including anthropogenic carbon, the biological pump, impacts of ocean acidification on marine biota, and possible feedbacks to atmospheric greenhouse gases; identify gaps in our knowledge, and make prioritized recommendations for future research;
  4. Periodically review the status of the methodology of CO2 measurements, including the preparation of standards and reference materials, and advise on inter-calibration and quality control procedures;
  5. Identify suitable data sets on the oceanic CO2 system in the Pacific region as they become available, and recommend the mechanisms of data and information exchange;
  6. Carry out and publish (in the refereed literature) basin-scale syntheses of carbon cycling in the North Pacific, including new data whenever appropriate, and encourage scientific interpretation of these evolving data sets;
  7. Organize symposia, workshops, or Annual Meeting sessions on the carbon cycle, ocean acidification, and climate studies in the North Pacific.
Products
Annual Meetings

Reports

2016, 2015, 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007, 2006, 2005

Session and Workshop Summaries

PICES-2016:
S7, New stage of ocean acidification studies: Responses of oceanic ecosystem including fisheries resources
W1, Acidification of the North Pacific Ocean: A basin-wide assessment

PICES-2015:
S6, Ocean Acidification Observation Network for the North Pacific and adjacent areas of the Arctic Ocean

ICES 2015 ASC:
Theme Session H  Ocean acidification: Understanding chemical, biological and biochemical responses in marine ecosystems (report)

PICES-2014:
W5, SOLAS into the Future: Designing the next phase of the Surface Ocean-Lower Atmosphere Study within the context of the Future Earth Program

PICES-2013:
S4, The changing carbon cycle of North Pacific continental shelves and marginal seas

PICES-2012:
S14, Changing ocean biogeochemistry and its ecosystem impacts

PICES-2010:
W5, Carbon data synthesis (III)

PICES-2009:
S8, Anthropogenic perturbations of the carbon cycle and their impacts in the North Pacific
W10, Carbon data synthesis workshop

PICES-2007:
S2, Decadal changes in carbon biogeochemistry in the North Pacific

Symposia / Inter-sessional Workshops

S10, Changes in the marine carbon cycle, 2nd PICES/ICES/IOC Symposium on “Effects of climate change on the world’s oceans”, 2012

PICES Press
Winter 2011, Vol. 19, No. 1
Pacific Ocean Interior Carbon Data Synthesis, PACIFICA, in progress
PICES Scientific Reports
TBA
Primary Journals

Special Section: PICES North Pacific Carbon Synthesis, J. Oceanogr. 2009. Vol. 65, No. 5, pp. 587-720

Related Materials

C02 in the North Pacific Ocean (Working Group 13 Final Report). PICES Sci. Rep. No. 24

Other Publications
Guide to best practices for ocean CO2 measurements
Dickson, A.G., Sabine, C.L. and Christian, J.R. (Eds.) 2007
Other Products
PACIFICA (PACIFic ocean Interior Carbon) database
News
Members
Dr. James Christian (CC-S, POC, WG-40)
S-CC Co-Chair
Fisheries and Oceans Canada
Canadian Centre for Climate Modelling and Analysis
c/o University of Victoria, P.O. Box 3065
Victoria, BC
Canada V8W 3V6
(1-250) 363-8319
(1-250) 363-8247
Jim.Christian@canada.ca
Dr. Sophia Johannessen (CC-S)
Fisheries and Oceans Canada
Institute of Ocean Sciences
9860 W. Saanich Rd., P.O. Box 6000
Sidney, BC
Canada V8L 4B2
(1-250) 363-6616
(1-250) 363-6310
sophia.johannessen@dfo-mpo.gc.ca
Dr. Lisa Ann Miller (CC-S)
Fisheries and Oceans Canada
Institute of Ocean Sciences
9860 W. Saanich Rd., P.O. Box 6000
Sidney, BC
Canada V8L 4B2
(1-250) 363-6673
(1-250) 363-6476
Lisa.Miller@dfo-mpo.gc.ca
Prof. Liqi Chen (CC-S)
Key Lab of Global Change and Marine-Atmospheric Chemistry
Third Institute of Oceanography, SOA
178 Daxue Rd., Siming District
Xiamen, Fujian
China, PR 361005
(86-592) 2195353
(86-592) 2195982
Lqchen@soa.gov.cn
Prof. Minhan Dai (CC-S)
State Key Laboratory of Marine Environmental Science
Xiamen University
XianganNan Rd., Xiangan Distirct
Xiamen, Fujian
China, PR 361102
(86-592) 2182132
(86-592) 2184101
mdai@xmu.edu.cn
Dr. Zhongyong Gao (CC-S, WG-39)
Key Laboratory of Global Change and Marine-Atmospheric Chemistry
Third Institute of Oceanography, SOA
178 Daxue Rd., Siming District
Xiamen, Fujian
China, PR 361005
(86-592) 219 5121
(86-592) 219 5982
zgao@263.net
Dr. Liyang Zhan (CC-S)
GCMAC
Third Institute of Oceanography, SOA
178 Daxue Rd., Siming District
Xiamen, China, PR 361005
(86-592) 1340 0654 4796
(86-592) 2195 5991
zhanliyang@tio.org.cn
Ms. Yumei Zhao (CC-S)
Operation & Project Management Department
National Ocean Technology Center, SOA
219 Jieyuanxi Rd., Nankai District
Tianjin, China, PR 300112
(86-22) 27536919
(86-22) 27367824
sensor_zym@126.com
Dr. Chen-Tung Arthur Chen (CC-S)
ex-officio member representing International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP)
Institute of Marine Geology and Chemistry
National Sun Yat-Sen University
P.O. Box 59-60, Room 3054
Kaohsiung, Taiwan
Chinese-Taipei 80424
(886-7) 525-2000 ext. 5136
(886-7) 525-5346
ctchen@mail.nsysu.edu.tw
Dr. Masao Ishii (CC-S)
Oceanography and Geochemistry Research Department
Meteorological Research Institute
1-1 Nagamine
Tsukuba, Ibaraki
Japan 305-0052
(81-29) 853-8727
(81-29) 853-8728
mishii@mri-jma.go.jp
Dr. Akihiko Murata (CC-S)
RCGC
Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), FRA
2-15 Natsushima-cho
Yokosuka, Kanagawa
Japan 237-0061
(81-45) 867-9503
murataa@jamstec.go.jp
Dr. Shin-ichiro Nakaoka (CC-S)
National Institute for Environmental Studies
16-2 Onogawa
Tsukuba, Japan 305-8506
+81-29-850-2499
nakaoka.shinichiro@nies.go.jp
Dr. Tsuneo Ono (CC-S)
S-CC Co-Chair
Fisheries Oceanography Group, Oceanic resources Division
National Research Institute of Far Seas Fisheries, FRA
2-12-4 Fukuura, Kanazawa-Ku
Yokohama, Kanagawa
Japan 236-8648
(81-45) 788-7697
(81-45) 788-5001
tono@fra.affrc.go.jp
Dr. Toru Suzuki (CC-S, TCODE)
Marine Information Research Center
Japan Hydrographic Association
1-6-6-6F Hanedakuko
Ota-ku, Tokyo
Japan 144-0041
(81-3) 5708-7106
suzuki@mirc.jha.jp
Dr. Dong-Jin Kang (CC-S, SG-NPESR)
Korea Institute of Ocean Science and Technology (KIOST)
787 Haean-ro, Sangnok-gu
Ansan, Korea, R 426-744
(82-31) 400-7840
(82-31) 406-4250
djocean@kiost.ac
Prof. Kitack Lee (CC-S)
School of Environmental Science and Engineering
Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH)
San 31, Hyoja-dong, Nam-gu
Pohang, Korea, R 790-784
(82-54) 279-2285
(82-54) 279-8299
ktl@postech.ac.kr
Dr. Jeong Hee Shim (CC-S)
Marine Resources and Environment Department
East Sea Fisheries Research Institute, NIFS
1194 Haean-ro, Yeongok-myeon
Gangneung-si, Gangwon-do
Korea, R 25435
(82-33) 660-8534
(82-33) 661-3923
jshim@korea.kr
Dr. Andrey G. Andreev (CC-S)
V.I. Il´ichev Pacific Oceanological Institute (POI), FEB RAS
43 Baltiyskaya St.
Vladivostok, Primorsky Kray
Russia 690041
(7-4232) 313-092
(7-4232) 312-573
andreev@poi.dvo.ru
Dr. Pavel Ya. Tishchenko (CC-S, CREAMS-AP)
Head, Hydrochemistry Laboratory
V.I. Il´ichev Pacific Oceanological Institute (POI), FEB RAS
43 Baltiyskaya St.
Vladivostok, Primorsky Kray
Russia 690041
(7-423)2 313-092
(7-423)2 312-573
tpavel@poi.dvo.ru
Prof. Andrew G. Dickson (CC-S)
Scripps Institution of Oceanography, UCSD
9500 Gilman Dr.
La Jolla, CA
U.S.A. 92093-0244
(1-858) 822-2990
adickson@ucsd.edu
Dr. Richard A. Feely (CC-S)
Ocean Climate Research Div., NOAA/PMEL
Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory/NOAA
7600 Sand Point Way NE
Seattle, WA
U.S.A. 98115
(1-206) 526-6214
(1-206) 526-6744
Richard.A.Feely@noaa.gov
Dr. Hernan Eduardo Garcia (CC-S, TCODE)
National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI)
NOAA NCEI
1315 East West Hwy, SSMC-III, 4th Floor, Room 4626
Silver Spring, MD
U.S.A. 20910-3282
(1-301) 713-4856
(1-301) 713-3303
Hernan.Garcia@noaa.gov
Prof. Burke Hales (CC-S)
College of Earth Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences (COAS)
Oregon State University
104 Ocean Administration Bldg.
Corvallis, OR
U.S.A. 97331
(1-541) 737-8121
bhales@coas.oregonstate.edu
Dr. Alexander Kozyr (CC-S)
NOAA
National Centers for Environmental Information
1315 East-West Highway
Silver Spring, MD
U.S.A. 20910-3282
+1-865-216-4499
alex.kozyr@noaa.gov