PICES, the North Pacific Marine Science Organization, is an intergovernmental scientific organization that was established and held its first meetings
in 1992. Its present members are Canada, Japan, People's Republic of China, Republic of Korea, the Russian Federation, and the United States of America.
The purposes of the Organization are as follows:
Promote and coordinate marine research in the northern North Pacific and adjacent seas especially northward of 30 degrees North
Advance scientific knowledge about the ocean environment, global weather and climate change, living resources and their ecosystems, and the impacts of human activities
Promote the collection and rapid exchange of scientific information on these issues