Working Group 33: Joint PICES / ICES Working Group on Climate Change and Biologically-driven Ocean Carbon Sequestration
Terms of Reference
  1. Document and identify current knowledge about biologically-driven carbon pumps.
  2. Compare current approaches and develop standardized protocols for measuring and reporting key parameters and variables during field studies and laboratory experiments on biologically-driven ocean carbon sequestration.
  3. Promote international collaboration for developing new experimental approaches and facilities.
  4. Integrate results from laboratory and field studies into numerical modeling for forecasting biologically-driven ocean carbon sequestration in the contemporary and future ocean.
  5. Hold annual workshops and business meetings at PICES, ICES or both organizations annual meetings.
  6. Organize a theme session within a science symposium in year 3  (ca. 2018-19 timeframe) to present, discuss and publish forecasts of the effects of climate change on biologically-driven ocean carbon sequestration; The Fourth Climate Effects on the World's Oceans Symposium, tentatively planned for 2018 might be a good venue.  Produce a special issue of a scientific journal based on the theme session, or contribute multiple papers to the Symposium special issue.
  7. Provide scientific advice to international organizations such as IPCC that might aid in establishing climate policies.
  8. Publish a final report summarizing the results of the WG as a jointly published Scientific Report in both PICES and ICES.
Annual Meetings


2017, 2016, ICES WGCCBOCS / PICES WG 33 Kick-off Meeting Report (June 17, 2016, Hong Kong, China)

Session and Workshop Summaries

Science Board Symposium S1, Nianzhi Jiao, Biological mediated carbon cycling and sequestration in the ocean and climate change: A new dimension and perspective
S13, Anthropogenic effects on biogeochemical processes, carbon export and sequestration: Impact on ocean ecosystem services

Symposia / Inter-sessional Workshops

2018, 4th PICES/ICES/IOC/FAO Symposium on The effects of climate change on the world’s oceans, Washington, DC, USA
S3, Carbon uptake, ocean acidification, and ecosystems and human impacts

2015, 3rd PICES/ICES/IOC Symposium on Effects of Climate change on the world’s oceans, Santos, Brazil
W3, Effects of climate change on the biologically-driven ocean carbon pumps


Summer 2015, Vol. 23, No. 2
2015 Santos Workshop on “Effects of climate change on the biologically-driven ocean carbon pumps

Primary Journals
Editorial for the special issue on marine carbon sequestration and climate change.
Jiao N., Z. Guo, L. Legendre, C. Suttle, R. Rivkin, and F. Azam
National Science Review, 2018, Vol. 5, Issue 4: 456-457

A recent project shows that the microbial carbon pump is a primary mechanism driving ocean carbon update.
Chen, J. M., L. Legendre, and R. Benner
National Science Review, 2018, Vol. 5, Issue 4: 458.

Unveiling the enigma of refractory carbon in the ocean.
Jiao, N., R. Cai, Q. Zheng, K. Tang, J. Liu, F. Jiao, D. Wallace, F. Chen, C. Li, R. Amann, R. Benner and F. Azam
National Science Review, 2018, Vol. 5, Issue 4: 459-463

Blue carbon on the rise: challenges and opportunities.
Jiao, N., H. Wang, G. Xu and S. Arico
National Science Review, 2018, Vol. 5, Issue 4: 464-468.

Modelling marine DOC degradation time scales.
Polimene, L, R. B. Rivkin, Y-W. Luo, E. Y. Kwon, M. Gehlen, M. A. Pena, N. Wang, Y. Liang, H. Kaartokallio, and Nianzhi Jiao
National Science Review, 2018, Vol. 5, Issue 4: 468-474

An implementation strategy to quantify the marine microbial carbon pump and its sensitivity to global change. Robinson, C., D. Wallace, J-H Hyun, L. Polimene, R. Benner, Y. Zhang, R. Cai, R. Zhang, and N. Jiao
National Science Review, 2018, Vol. 5, Issue 4: 474-480

Evolving paradigms in biological carbon cycling in the ocean.
Zhang, C., H. Dang, F. Azam, R. Benner, L. Legendre, U. Passow, L. Polimene, C. Robinson, C. A. Suttle and N. Jiao
National Science Review, 2018, Vol. 5, Issue 4: 481-499

Food for Thought: Advanced experimental approaches to marine water-column biogeochemical processes
Louis Legendre, Richard B. Rivkin, and Nianzhi Jiao
ICES Journal of Marine Science, 2018, Vol. 75, Issue 1: 30-42

Other Publications
WG 33 Final Report
PICES WG 33 Members as of October 2018