The North Pacific Marine Science Organization (PICES) announces its Twelfth Annual Meeting to be held October 10-18, 2003, at the Conference Hall of the Mayfield Hotel, Seoul, Korea. The meeting is hosted by the Government of Korea, in coordination with the PICES Secretariat. Local arrangements are made by the Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries (MOMAF) and the Korea Ocean Research and Development Institute (KORDI).
Keynote Speaker: Suam Kim
Session 1: Science Board Symposium.
Human dimensions of ecosystem variability.
R. Ian Perry (SB), Vladimir I. Radchenko (BIO), Yukimasa Ishida (FIS), John E. Stein (MEQ), Kuh Kim (POC), Igor I. Shevchenko (TCODE), and Harold P. Batchelder & Makoto Kashiwai (CCCC).
Marine ecosystems are dynamic in terms of climate and physical features, and the species that inhabit them. Human relationships and interactions with the ocean have been long-lasting and changing in their nature and strength over the years. Even though natural variability in marine systems is thought to be large, separating natural climate variability from human-induced sources is an ongoing challenge. Physical oceanography, chemistry and climate indices are being examined in relationship to living marine resource production. What is our understanding of how these indicators are influenced by global climate warming? Various human activities have the effect either of removing, altering or adding nutrients or species to areas. How do these changes in nutrient composition and amounts, fishery removals or discards, habitat alteration, introduction of non-native species or pollutants change ecosystem structure and production? What are the effects of ecosystem change on human societies? What are the implications of fisheries management decisions affecting the nature and functions of ecosystems? This theme seeks to highlight the many ways that humans interact with marine ecosystems and the scientific efforts to quantify and predict human impacts on such dynamics systems.
Lawrence C. Hamilton
Ecosystem-society interactions in the Northern Atlantic: Human dimensions
of fisheries collapse.
Chris Frid, Odette Paramor, Leonie Robinson and Catherine Scott
Long term changes in the North Sea ecosystem: Disentangling fisheries, climate and eutrophication.
David L. Fluharty
Ecosystem variability and human response: An exploration of effect and affect.
Jie-Hua Lu and Ping Lv
Effects of population changes and GDP growth on the marine ecosystem in coastal regions of Northeast Asia.
A macroeconomic approach to underlying driving forces of the depleting marine fisheries in PRC with economies in transition.
Hidetada Kiyofuji, Sei-ichi Saitoh, Kazuhito Watanabe and Teisuke Mimura
Environmental impact assessment of squid fisheries in Japan using RS/GIS.
Anatoly V. Smirnov and Artem Yu. Sheybak
Changes of East Sakhalin walleye pollock stock and offshore oil and gas development - whether is connection?
Steven J.D. Martell and Sean P. Cox
Assessment of the trophic impacts of fishing in the central Pacific Ocean.
Session 2: POC/BIO Topic Session.
Physical and biological responses of coastal ocean ecosystems and estuaries to inputs of freshwater.
Michael J. Dagg (U.S.A.) & Yury I. Zuenko (Russia).
Freshwater input affects physical and biological processes in many ways. Properties of the receiving waters are directly modified by fresh water and its constituents, but impacts also extend to include the entire water column and sea-bed. Time and space scales over which these modifications occur vary with factors such as scales of freshwater discharge, dissolved and particulate composition of materials in the freshwater discharge, latitude of discharge (which affects the magnitude of Coriolis acceleration, the light environment and the temperature regime, which in turn affect biological rates), wind and tides (which affect circulation and surface layer behavior) and bottom topography of the receiving basin. Meteorology and climatology also affect the linkages and pathways between freshwater inputs, physical responses, lower trophic level responses and higher trophic level responses. This session will explore ways in which the inputs of freshwater and its dissolved and particulate constituents influence physical and biological processes, including higher trophic levels, in the receiving waters of estuarine and coastal ocean systems.
Thomas C. Royer and Chester E. Grosch
The role of freshwater in the coastal circulation in the Northeast Pacific:
Past, present and future.
Im-Sang Oh and Tae-Wook Park
Numerical experiments on the dispersion of the Yangtze River water in the
Yellow and East China Seas.
Michael J. Dagg and G.A. Breed
A conceptual model of the biological effects of Mississippi River nitrogen
on the northern Gulf of Mexico.
Wonho Yih, Young-Geel Kim and Sundo Hwang
Ecosystem response to fresh-water discharge from Keum River estuarine weir:
Distribution of phytoplankton and anchovy larvae.
Victoria V. Nadtochy, Yury I. Zuenko and Eugene Barabanshchikov
River-sea change of zooplankton species composition: A case of Amur Bay
Elena M. Latkovskaya, T.A. Belan, V.B. Krasavtsev, A.V. Polteva,
I.V. Motylkova, T.G. Koreneva and T.A. Mogilnikova
Conditions of hydrobiological community formation in the lagoons of northeastern
Functional role of coastal waters for salmon: Is it an adaptation zone or
a transit way?
Franz J. Mueter and Thomas C. Royer
Recruitment of pelagic and demersal fishes in the Gulf of Alaska in relation
to coastal freshwater discharge.
The relationship between thermohaline structure and fish catch in the East
Richard D. Brodeur and Cheryl A. Morgan
Cross-shelf variability in hydrography, zooplankton and juvenile chinook
diets in relation to the Columbia River plume.
Churchill B. Grimes
Session 3: CCCC REX Topic Session.
Influence of fishing and/or invasive species on ecosystem structure in coastal regions around the Pacific Rim.
William T. Peterson (U.S.A.) & Yoshiro Watanabe (Japan).
Given that the focus of PICES XII is on 'Human dimensions of ecosystem variability', this session will examine the effects of two types of human activities on the structure of coastal ecosystems: fishing and invasive species. The session will be exploratory in scope and ask two questions:
1). Do we know enough about the influence of fishing or invasive species on ecosystem structure to be able to identify an effect?
2). Can we distinguish the signal from the noise?
Jeffery R. Cordell, Stephen M. Bollens, Olga Kalata, Rian Hoof and Sean Avent
Introduced copepods and ecological change in estuaries of the Pacific coast of the United States.
Tdanori Fujino, Hidetada Kiyofuji, Kazushi Miyashita and Ryo Kawabe
Do squid fishing lights affect the nitrogen cycle in the Japan/East Sea?
Steven J. Martell and Sean P. Cox
Information requirements for assessing trophic impacts of fisheries on ecosystems.
Anatoliy Ya. Velikanov
Long-term variability of pelagic fishes composition in the Tatar Strait (Sea of Japan) in connection with migrations of subtropical species.
Session 4: MEQ/BIO Topic Session.
Aquaculture in the ocean ecosystem.
Ik-Kyo Chung, In-Kwon Jang (Korea), Julia K. Parrish & John E. Stein (U.S.A.).
Globally the demand for seafood is rising, with projections that aquaculture will provide a steadily increasing proportion of the supply of seafood for human consumption. With this likely growth, aquaculture operations will expand to additional coastal areas and most probably into the exclusive economic zones (EEZ) of several countries. Progress has been made in evaluating the ecological risk and economic benefits from aquaculture in coastal areas, in developing standards for conducting aquaculture operations, and in exploratory research on the feasibility of offshore mariculture operations. In this session we want to highlight recent developments relating to environmentally sustainable aquaculture, research on aquaculture in the EEZ, and begin to explore marine aquaculture from an ecosystem perspective. One area of interest is research and science underpinning harmonization of aquaculture activities with other human activities that occur in the coastal zone under the concept of integrated coastal zone management. To examine aquaculture within this broader context, presentations exploring the interrelationships between aquaculture and fishery management are also encouraged. A publication is planned for this session.
Richard J. Beamish, D. Noakes, C.M. Neville, R.M. Sweeting and A.J.
Will climate change and aquaculture increase the abundance of Pacific salmon?
Sungchul C. Bai, Xiao-Jie Wang, Semin Choi and Kyungmin Han
Present status and future prospects of world and Korean aquaculture industry,
and development of low pollution diets for a sustainable, environmentally
and economically sound aquaculture industry.
Mac V. Rawson, Changsheng Chen, Dao-Ru Wang, Charles Yarish and James B.
Approaching coastal aquaculture from an ecosystem perspective.
Yu-Feng Yang, Shi-Kui Zhai, Zhi-Gang Yu and Ik-Kyo Chung
Development of mariculture and its impacts in Chinese coastal waters.
Role of seaweeds in aquaculture - an Indian perspective.
Nikoliona Petkova Kovatcheva
Red king crab (Paralithodes camtschaticus) artificial cultivation
- as a method of restoration its natural populations.
Hiroshi Shimada, Hiroki Asami and Iori Tanaka
The occurrence of paralytic shellfish poisoning in summer and distribution of causative organism in the Sea of Okhotsk along the northeastern coast of Hokkaido, Japan.
Chul-Hyun Sohn, Ik-Kyo Chung, Yu-Feng Yang and Charles Yarish
Historical review and future perspectives of aquaculture industry in Korea.
Hajime Kimura, Hajime Kimura and Masahiro Notoya
Ulva pertusa and Undaria undarioides culture for reducing
nitrogen from fish culture area in Wakayama Prefecture, Japan.
Hyung-Seop Kim, Wonho Yih, Geumog Myung and Young Geel Kim
Cultured marine photosynthetic ciliate Mesodinium rubrum as a potential
live feed species for aquacultured animals.
Carolyn S. Friedman
Aquaculture, animal health and sustainability.
Ik-Kyo Chung, Si-Jung Ryu, Yun-He Kang, Jin-Ae Lee, Tae-Ho Seo, Jong-Ahm Shin, Charles Yarish and Yu-Feng Yang
Evaluation of the bioremediation capability of the seaweed aquaculture in Korea.
Session 5: CCCC MODEL Topic Session.
Comparison of modeling approaches to describe ecological food webs, marine ecosystem processes, and ecosystem response to climate variability.
Michio J. Kishi (Japan), Bernard A. Megrey & Francisco E. Werner (U.S.A.).
Contemporary modeling efforts have shown remarkable achievements in the application of simulation, conceptual and analytic modeling to biological systems. This is especially true when it comes to modeling the lower trophic levels of marine ecosystems with biomass-based models, individual-based models, and population dynamics models. Recent observations and data collections on marine ecosystem primary and secondary producers have provided the opportunity to generate hypotheses to explain the effects of regime shifts and the influence of climate variability. This session will demonstrate the utility of using modeling and models to examine these and similar hypotheses. Papers dealing with linking regional scale models to basin scale models, fisheries migration models, models that link lower trophic level models to higher trophic models, ecological food web models, and marine ecosystem process formulations are invited. Topical issues related to future advancements, useful extensions, validations and calibrations are also solicited.
Arthur J. Miller
Modelling Pacific decadal variability: Physics, feedbacks, and ecosystem
M. Angelica Peña
Comparing the response of three vertically resolved planktonic ecosystem models to climate change in the NE subarctic Pacific Ocean.
Yong-Jun Tian, Tatsuro Akamine and Maki Suda
Impacts of fishing and climate changes on the population dynamics of Pacific saury in the northwestern Pacific: A model approach.
Yong-Woo Lee, Bernard A. Megrey and S. Allen Macklin
Comparative analysis of statistical tools to identify recruitment-environment relationships and forecast recruitment strength.
Shin-Ichi Ito, Daiki Mukai and Michio J. Kishi
An analysis for seasonal and interannual growth change of Pacific saury using NEMURO.FISH.
Bernard A. Megrey, Kenneth A. Rose, Douglas E. Hay and Francisco E. Werner
A coupled lower and higher trophic level marine ecosystem model of the North Pacific Ocean including Pacific herring.
Thomas C. Wainwright
Susan E. Allen, Debby Ianson, David L. Mackas, Mark V. Trevorrow and Maia Tsurumi
Modelling zooplankton aggregation due to tidal flow over a sill.
Sinjae Yoo, Hyun-Cheol Kim and Kyung-II Chang
On the conditions for Cochlodinium bloom.
Session 6: BIO/POC/CCCC Topic Session.
Latitudinal differences in the responses of productivity and recruitment of marine organisms to physical variability.
Steven J. Bograd (U.S.A.), David L. Mackas (Canada) & Yoshiro Watanabe (Japan).
A scientific result of the PICES Symposium on 'North Pacific Transitional Areas' (La Paz, Mexico, 2002) was the identification of distinct latitudinal differences in ecosystem structure and variability, including the distribution and productivity of plankton and the recruitment of fish stocks. This session will further explore latitudinal clines in life history strategies at various scales of temporal variability in the eastern Pacific from Mexico to Alaska, and in the western Pacific from China to Russia. Presentations on the scales and mechanisms of physical variability in these regions, and on clines in the distribution and productivity of plankton, fish, birds, mammals and intertidal invertebrates, are encouraged.
Ki-Tack Seong, Young-Shil Kang and In-Seong Han
Long-term variation in the East Korean Warm Current and its impact on
the bio-physical reaction in the southwestern region of the East/Japan
Sachihiko Itoh and Takashige Sugimoto
Effect of eddy transport and blocking on the migration of small pelagic
William T. Peterson, Leah Feinberg, Jaime Gómez-Gutiérrez, Tracy
Shaw and Mitch Vance
A comparison of the productivity of the Euphausiid, Euphausia Pacifica,
in the Oregon upwelling zone to similar findings around the Pacific Rim.
Rubén Rodríguez-Sánchez, Héctor Villalobos and Sofía Ortega-García
Seasonal spatial dynamics of the Pacific sardine (Sardinops caeruleus)
population in the California Current System and its interannual variability
as a function of environmental variability during 1980-1997.
Young-Shil Kang, Kitack Seong and Young-Sang Suh
Bio-physical reaction to regime shifts in the southwestern region of the
Kazuaki Tadokoro, S. Chiba, T. Ono, T. Midorikawa and T. Saino
Increase of stratification and decreased primary productivity in the subarctic
Toru Kobari adn Toshiyuki Nagaki
Comparative life cycle patterns of interzonal migrating copepods in the
Jin-Yeong Kim, Yang-Jae Im, Seok-Gwan Choi, Jina Oh and Tae-Won
The role of the Tsushima Current as the nursery grounds of major fishery
resources off Jeju Island, Korea.
Svetlana Yu. Glebova
Cyclicity in formation of the types of synoptic situation above the Far
East seas as a factor of their ecosystems' changes.
Tae-Keun Rho, Terry E. Whitledge and John J. Goering
Interannural variations of nutrients and primary production over the southeastern
Bering Sea shelf during spring of 1997,1998, and 1999.
Andrew Thomas and P. Ted Strub
Latitudinal differences in chlorophyll variability in the California Current.
David W. Welch, Marc Trudel, Jen Zamon, John Morris and Mary Thiess
Latitudinal and temporal gradients in ocean productivity and survival
of Pacific salmon.
Takashi Kitagawa, Shingo Kimura, Hideaki Nakata and Harumi Yamada
Adaptation mechanisms of Pacific bluefin tuna to temperate waters as detected
by archival tags.
Jaime Farber-Lorda, Miguel Lavin, Armando Trasviña, Marco Guerrreo,
Ignacio Romero-Vargas and Cesar Almeda
The relationship between hydrography, trophic conditions and zooplankton
biomass in the Eastern Tropical Pacific.
Vadim F. Savinykh, Vladimir A. Shelekhov, Svetlana V. Davydova,
Svetlana V. Naydenko, Alexey A. Baytaluk, Gennady V. Khen, Gennady A.
Shevtsov and Mikhail Zuev
Latiditudinal changes of plankton and nekton biomasses in the Western
Ionic control of settlement and metamorphosis in larvae of the Serpulid
Polychaete, Hydroides elegans Haswell.
Yulia Moseikina, Olga Ivanova and Andrey Krovnin
Latitudinal difference in the Far East salmon stock response to the climate change in the Northwest Pacific region.
Session 7: FIS Topic Session.
The role of sharks in marine ecosystems of the North Pacific Ocean
Co-Convenors: Vincent Gallucci, Gordon H. Kruse (U.S.A.) & Hideki Nakano (Japan).
Sharks include an extremely diverse group of cartilaginous fishes that number over 350 species worldwide. A recent period of rapid growth in the fisheries began in the early 1980s and continues to the present day. Sharks are targets of recreational, large-scale industrial, and artisanal (non-industrial) fisheries. Despite their economic value, many aspects of shark biology, ecology and population dynamics are very poorly understood. Extraordinary low fecundity, long gestation periods (up to two years), sperm storage, sex-specific segregations, and other life history attributes limit the ability of shark populations to sustain removals. Consequently, depletion of shark resources has become problematic in some jurisdictions. Conversely, preliminary evidence indicates that some species have increased in abundance or shifted in geographic distribution in the North Pacific in response to recent climate regime shifts. The ecosystem effects of shark population changes are highly uncertain owing to the wide breadth of trophic levels occupied by sharks, which feed on diverse taxa ranging from plankton to apex predators, such as marine mammals and even other sharks. This session will examine the potentially critical role of sharks in structuring marine ecosystems of the North Pacific, by examining the consequences of their life history traits such as reproduction, ecology (including predator/prey relationships), and shark population responses to climate change, and commercial removals. A special issue of a primary journal may be produced from the papers presented at this session if there is sufficient interest. Please indicate your interest in submitting a full manuscript when you submit your abstract.
Session 8: FIS Topic Session.
Management of eel resources.
Tae-Won Lee (Korea) & Katsumi Tsukamoto (Japan).
Anguillid eels have been one of the major fishes in riverine and estuarine ecosystems. Also, eels are important as a food resource in some eastern and western countries. The wild eel populations have declined sharply in recent years due to water pollution and reclamation of estuarine habitats. Subsequently, the catch of glass eels has shown a long-term decrease in Europe, North America and East Asia. However, it is not yet clear whether this has been caused by global changes in the ocean-atmospheric system (affecting larval migration), or human impacts of over-fishing and environmental disruption (affecting the growing stage of eels). Therefore, we need to elaborate effective management and research strategies with the following aims:
- conduct ecological studies to complete our understanding of their mysterious life cycle; reproductive ecology, oceanic, estuarine and riverine growth histories
- develop technology for artificial production of glass eels to meet the demands of aquaculture
- provide specific management recommendations to sustain wild stocks.
Presentations related to recent scientific research on ecology, aquaculture technologies and fishery management are solicited. Presentations related to other anguilliformes are also encouraged. Time will be allotted at the end of the session for a general discussion of anguillid eel research and management.
Yuki Minegishi, Jun Aoyama, Jun G. Inoue, Masaki Miya, Mutsumi Nishida and Katsumi Tsukamoto
Definitive identification of all species of the genus Anguilla using the complete mitochondrial genome.
Shingo Kimura and Katsumi Tsukamoto
Landmark for the spawning of Japanese eel.
Sun-Do Hwang, Won-Seok Yang, Yeong-Jo Jo, Hyeong-Tae Moon, Tae-Won Lee, Ok-In Choi and Chi-Hong Kim
Factors affecting the daily catch of glass eels, Anguilla japonica, in the Geum-river estuary, Korea.
Aya Kotake, Takaomi Arai, Michael J Miller and Katsumi Tsukamoto
Differences in the migratory history of male and female Japanese eels,
An initial investigation of the biological characteristics of the Japanese eel stock in Japan.
Relative importance of oceanic, estuarine and riverine growth histories
of the Japanese eel, Anguilla japonica, as revealed by otolith
Session 9: TCODE Electronic Poster Session
S9: TCODE Electronic Poster Session GIS/Geographic-based applications to marine systems
Co-Convenors: Sung-Dae Kim (Korea) & Bernard A. Megrey (U.S.A.).
Over the past two decades there has been increasing recognition that problems in marine and fisheries science are nearly all manifest in the spatio-temporal domain. Geographical Information Systems (GIS), the natural framework for spatial data handling, are being recognized as a powerful tool with useful applications in marine sciences. GIS are becoming invaluable tools for monitoring and managing open and coastal marine systems. Widespread acceptance and adoption of these and other geo-referenced methods speak to their power and effectiveness for addressing the diverse mix of factors that impinge on aquatic systems. The aim of this session is to provide an opportunity to showcase new and exciting GIS developments by PICES member countries including coastal, continental and deep ocean studies, dynamic relations that characterize the marine world, and the development of oceanography and fisheries GIS tools and applications. Electronic posters on topics such as coastal mapping, land- and sea-use, coastal observing and forecast systems, real-time catch and/or vessel monitoring systems, classification of surface waters, sea bed mapping, mapping of fisheries production, biological and genetic data, spawning grounds, environmental variation of production, migration corridors, seasonal essential habitats, and applications of GIS to ocean and fisheries resource management are welcome.
Session 10: MEQ/BIO/FIS Topic Session.
Ecosystem-based management science and its application to the North Pacific.
Glen Jamieson (Canada), Patricia Livingston (U.S.A.), Vladimir I. Radchenko (Russia), Takashige Sugimoto (Japan), Qi-Sheng Tang (China) & Chang-Ik Zhang (Korea).
Many recent national and international legal agreements use some form of the term 'ecosystem-based approaches' when describing new methods to assess and manage marine living resources. These are usually understood to include objectives related to maintaining and monitoring biodiversity, productivity, and the physical and chemical properties of an ecosystem. It is often unclear, however, what this means in practice, what new information will be required, and whether scientific or management actions will actually change under these new approaches. This session invites papers on what ecosystem-based management approaches are, what they involve scientifically (what are the information requirements and can we provide them), what initiatives are being undertaken elsewhere in the world, and how PICES countries are beginning to address the topic. The session will provide a forum for presentations and discussion of how to improve the science that provides the framework for ecosystem-based management initiatives, and its application, in PICES countries.
Ecosystem based management: A NE Atlantic view.
Thomas C. Malone
Implementing the integrated design plan of the coastal module of GOOS.
Konstantin A. Zgurovskiy, Vassily Spiridonov and Andrey Malyutin
Marine protected areas of the Russian Far East in ecosystem based management: Problems and perspectives.
Glen S. Jamieson and Bob O'Boyle
Canadian initiatives towards the achievement of ecosystem-based management.
Vjacheslav P. Shuntov and Vladimir I. Radchenko
Ecosystem based management of marine biological resources: Illusion and the reality.
David L. Fluharty
Backing into the ecosystem: Development of practices for ecosystem-based fishery management in the United States.
Chang-Ik Zhang, Sung-Il Lee and Jong-Man Kim
Ecosystem-based management of fisheries resources in the Tongyeong marine ranching area in Korea.
Kaoru Nakata, Hirokatsu Yamada, Minoru Tomiyama, Katsuyuki Sasaki, Tadafumi Ichikawa and Hiromu Zenitani
Effects of variabilities in climate and planktonic ecosystem on fisheries management of sand lance in Ise Bay, Japan.
Implementation of GEF projects as a tool for ecosystem-based management.
Patricia A. Livingston
Ecosystem-based science for management of Alaskan fisheries.
Richard J. Beamish, R.M. Sweeting, C.M. Neville and A.J. Benson
The importance of considering the impact of regimes when establishing ecosystem-based approaches to fisheries management.
Franz J. Mueter and Bernard A. Megrey
Species-based indicators to assess the status of the Gulf of Alaska and Bering Sea ecosystems with reference points.
William J. Sydeman, Kyra L. Mills, Diana Watters, Steve Ralston and Tom Laidig
Wings, fins, and the black box: Management implications of marine bird and fish trophic similarities.
Tatsu Kishida, Muneharu Tokimura and Tokimasa Kobayashi
Variable pelagic and demersal marine ecosystems and fisheries around Japan.
Workshop 1: MONITOR Workshop.
Examine and critique a North Pacific Ecosystem Status Report.
Co-sponsored by Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Trustee Council's "Gulf Ecosystem Monitoring" initiative
Vyacheslav B. Lobanov (Russia), David L. Mackas (Canada), Phillip Mundy (U.S.A.), Sei-ichi Saitoh (Japan) & William J. Sydeman (U.S.A.).
An important goal for operational monitoring of changing ocean conditions is timely conversion of raw data to scientific and management decisions. Many different steps are implicit in this process:
- compiling and summarizing a diverse suite of variables, measured by multiple data-collectors at multiple locations;
- recognizing local changes quickly;
- making comparisons among variables and among locations for evidence of consistency, spatial extent, and likely ecological impact;
- notifying clients (including policy makers, resource users, other scientists, and the general public);
- possibly triggering alterations in data collection or ecosystem management strategies.
In general, the marine science community lacks both the tools and the habits needed to carry out these steps on a routine basis. As a step toward developing these tools and habits, PICES MONITOR Task Team is convening a workshop that is intended to identify what should be addressed in the North Pacific Ecosystem Status Report, using relevance to management decisions and relation to other pieces in other areas of the North Pacific as selection criteria. Format will be invited cross-disciplinary presentations from each nation or region, followed by plenary and/or breakout discussion of if and how these pieces fit together as a picture of the entire North Pacific. The goal for the workshop is primarily as an exercise in process, rather than necessarily producing a polished final product. However, we anticipate that the prototype report will be published on the PICES web site.
Choosing, presenting and maintaining indicators for marine ecosystem monitoring - Experience from the NE Atlantic.
The CCAMLR ecosystem monitoring programme: Application to the management of krill fisheries.
R. Ian Perry
The PICES North Pacific Ecosystem Status Report.
Kiyotaka Hidaka, Kaoru Nakata and Shin-Ichi Ito
Ecosystem monitoring in the western North Pacific off Japan.
George Shevchenko, Constantine Puzankov and Valery Chastikov
Monitoring of the Tsushima Warm Current in the northern Japan Sea in spring 2003.
Dong-Yong Lee, Gong-Ke Tan, C.S. Kim and J.Y. Han
Approach to the operational ocean observing system in the Yellow Sea through China-Korea bi-lateral cooperation.
The Gulf of Alaska ecosystem: Status and recent trends.
Gordon A. McFarlane
State of the ocean off the Pacific coast of Canada in 2002.
Steven J. Bograd
A status report of recent environmental and ecosystem trends in the California Current system.
Ming-Yuan Zhu, Rui-Xiang Li and Bin Xia
Marine ecosystem status in China Seas.
R. Ian Perry, Harold P. Batchelder, Sanae Chiba, Edward Durbin, Wulf Greve, David L. Mackas and Hans M. Verheye
Identifying global synchronies in marine zooplankton populations: Issues and opportunities.
Sonia Batten, William Y. Sydeman, David Hyrenbach, Ken Morgan, Peggy Yen, Mike Henry and David Welch
Multi-ecosystem sampling in the North Pacific Ocean using the Continuous Plankton Recorder.
Kuh Kim and Vyacheslav Lobanov
Summaries of CREAMS and NEAR-GOOS programs.
Workshop 2: MBM-AP Workshop.
Combining data sets on distributions and diets of marine birds and mammals.
Douglas F. Bertram (Canada) & Hidehiro Kato (Japan).
This workshop will explore temporal and spatial patterns of ecosystem co-variation, production of lower trophic level prey organisms by biophysical and climate forcing mechanisms, and the response of marine bird and mammal diets to those patterns. We will focus on two species of birds (Rhinoceros Auklet, Cerorhinca monocerata, and one other) and two species of mammals (Steller sea lions, Eumetopias jubatus, and one other) that, ideally, have representation on both sides of the North Pacific Ocean, and sufficient time series information to facilitate meaningful comparisons, either within or between regions. The workshop will build on previous efforts to examine bird and mammal prey consumption within the PICES region (PICES Sci. Rpt. No. 14, 2000), and will facilitate the direct comparisons of data sets which have been examined in isolation in the past. We expect that the comparative approach will facilitate detection of underlying causes for regional differences in ecosystem organization, trophic transfer, and the timing of responses of marine birds and mammals in relation to climate change events. We also hope that the workshop will provide a forum for directed discussions with physical, biological and fisheries oceanographers, and will serve to launch future collaborations within the PICES community.
Yutaka Watanuki and Tomohiro Deguchi
Effect of physical factors and prey availability on diet and chick growth of Rhinoceros Auklet at Teuri island in the Japan/East Sea.
Julie Thayer, Leslie Slater, Yutaka Watanuki, Douglas F. Bertram and William J. Sydeman
East, West, North and South: Spatio-temporal variation in the diet and prey characteristics of Rhinoceros Auklets in the North Pacific Ocean.
Thomas R. Loughlin
Review of Steller sea lion diet in the eastern and western North Pacific.
Tsutomu Tamura and Hidehiro Kato
Long-term changes in food and feeding habits of the common minke whales in western North Pacific region.
Sachi Ohki, Sei-Ichi Saitoh, Hiroshi Kiwada and Koji Matsuoka
Relationship between Sei whales distribution and the environmental conditions in the western North Pacific using multi-sensor remote sensing.
Workshop 3: WG 15/TCODE Workshop.
Harmful algal blooms - harmonization of data.
Hee-Dong Jeong (Korea) & Vera L. Trainer (U.S.A.).
Our ability to manage the Pacific coastal region seafood harvest is dependent, in part, on our ability to assure the safety of this harvest to human consumers. Our understanding of factors contributing to harmful algal bloom (HAB) events is limited by our access to comparative data from similar coastlines that face the same challenges from harmful biotoxins. A free flow of information to all interested investigators is vital in planning experiments, analyzing data, modeling HABs, and in putting together the broad picture of the relationship between biological, physical and chemical factors that influence the development of blooms in Pacific coastal regions. It is also critical to improve forecasting of future bloom events and protection of coastal fisheries in all PICES member countries. However, the historical data sets available for analysis of coastal HAB events are widely dispersed among the various agencies responsible for monitoring biotoxin events. These data exist in various degrees of processing, quality assurance, and public availability, and much of the available data (e.g. on phytoplankton assemblage characteristics) are in forms that are difficult to use. Through this data harmonization workshop scientists and resource managers will look at and discuss the interest of PICES member countries in the establishment of a common database. Mechanisms for integration of the ICES and PICES harmful algal bloom databases will be also examined. This database project could be the subject of a new PICES Working Group on HABs.
Harmful Algal Blooms Observing System (HABSOS).
Nicolaus G. Adams, Vera L. Trainer
A harmful algal bloom database for the US West Coast.
Paul J. Harrison
HAB data in Hong Kong.
Yasuwo Fukuyo, Satoru Toda, Shigeru Itakura, Ichiro Imai and Masaaki Kodama
HAB data management in Japan and inherent difficulty in joining PICES database.
Workshop 4: MIE-AP Workshop
W4: Planning a micronekton sampling gear intercalibration experiment
Co-Convenors: Evgeny Pakhomov (Canada) & Michael P. Seki (U.S.A.).
While a number of gears are presently being used to sample micronekton in the North Pacific and other parts of the world's oceans, there has been little effort expended in comparing the relative sampling efficiency and selectivity of these gears. There is also a need for intercalibration between micronekton sampling gears and other quantifying technologies (acoustics, visual methods, etc.). At the recommendation of PICES Working Group 14 on Effective sampling of micronekton, a new PICES field effort to evaluate the efficacy of sampling gears and procedures employed by different agencies to sample micronekton in the North Pacific was launched. This 1/2-day workshop of the Advisory Panel on a Micronekton intercalibration experiment overseeing the field program will discuss the goals, objectives and status of the experiment, and will begin the formal organization and planning process for the survey.
Workshop 5: BASS Workshop.
Linkages between open and coastal systems.
Vladimir Belyaev (Russia), Gordon A. McFarlane (Canada) & Akihiko Yatsu (Japan).
Recent BASS/MODEL workshops synthesized data and examined trophic relationships in the eastern and western subarctic gyres. These workshops facilitated our understanding of how these systems respond to natural and anthropogenic change. Participants at these workshops suggested the next phase of this work, from the standpoint of understanding the gyres, would integrate coastal, marginal seas and boundary current dynamics and linkages between gyres. To begin the process, this workshop will examine current information of the oceanographic and biological linkages between open ocean and coastal systems in the North Pacific Ocean. Invited papers will be prepared by teams of investigators to assess existing information on linkages for various physical and biological components. Presentations will include reviews of physical oceanography, phytoplankton, zooplankton, migratory pelagics, mesopelagics, marine birds and marine mammals. In addition, contributed papers, especially those attempting to develop conceptual models of physical or biological mechanisms that link coastal to open ocean systems, are encouraged. Selected papers will be published in a Special Issue of Deep-Sea Research II (Elsevier). Participants wishing to have their work considered for this publication should indicate their interest at the time of abstract submission, and be prepared to bring a completed manuscript to the Annual Meeting.
Structure and variability of the upper layer of the Western Subarctic Gyre.
Carol Ladd, Phyllis Stabeno, Nicholas Bond, Al Hermann, Nancy Kachel and Calvin Mordy
Cross-shelf exchange in the Gulf of Alaska.
Kazuaki Tadokoro and Toru Kobari
Comparison of seasonal variations in Chlorophyll-a concentrations and oceanographic conditions between Oyashio and Ocean Weather Station P.
Frank A. Whitney, P.J. Harrison and W.R. Crawford
Enhancement of primary productivity in the Gulf of Alaska by transport between coastal and oceanic regions.
Svetlana V. Naydenko
Structure of zooplankton communities in the Russian Far Eastern region (Okhotsk and Bering Seas, and Pacific waters south off Kuril Islands).
David L. Mackas and Kenneth O. Coyle
Cross-shore exchange processes, and their effect on zooplankton biomass and community composition patterns in the Northeast Pacific.
Orio Yamamura, Kazuhisa Uchikawa, Masatoshi Moku and Hiroya Sugisaki
Myctophids in the neritic and offshore areas of the subarctic North Pacific.
Akihiko Yatsu and Masahide Kaeriyama
Linkages between coastal and open ocean habitats of chum salmon and small pelagic fishes in the Northwestern and Central Pacific.
Richard J. Beamish, Gordon A. McFarlane and Jacquelynne R. King
Linkages between open and coastal ecosystems on the Pacific coast of North America.
Takashige Sugimoto, Jun-Ichi Takeuchi and Takafumi Yoshida
Processes of water exchange between coastal and open oceans, and their effects on plankton community and fish recruitment.
Vladimir A. Belyaev
Pelagic fishes of the Northwest Pacific and relationship between coastal and open ocean ecosystems.
Sachi Ohki, S.I. Saitoh, H. Kiwada and K. Matsuoka
Variability of coastal and open ocean habitats of Sei whales in the western North Pacific using multi-sensor remote sensing.
Rolf Ream, Jeremy Sterling and Tom Loughlin
Oceanographic influences on Northern Fur Seal migratory movements.
FIS Paper Session.
Yukimasa Ishida (Japan) & Chang-Ik Zhang (Korea).
Papers on all aspects of fishery oceanography in the North Pacific and its marginal seas are invited.
Comparison of feeding ecology of chum salmon in the western part of the Bering Sea and adjacent waters of the Pacific Ocean.
Nozomi Ishiko, Hidetada Kiyofuji and Sei-Ichi Saitoh
Relationship between Pacific saury fishing grounds and the Oyashio front in the northwestern North Pacific.
Michael J. Schirripa and Jim J. Colbert
Changes in sablefish (Anoplopoma fimbria) recruitment in relation
to oceanographic conditions.
Jae-Bong Lee, Chang-Ik Zhang, Anne Hollowed, James Ingraham and Young-Yull Chun
Relationship between potential transport and abundance of jack mackerel in Korean waters
to oceanographic conditions.
Yoon-Seon Yang, Su-kyung Kang and Suam Kim
Oxygen isotopes evidence for environmental characteristics from walleye
pollock (Theragra chalcogramma) otoliths.
John R. Bower and Shogo Takagi
Vertical distribution of cephalopod paralarvae in the Northeast Pacific.
Tae-Geon Park, Kohji Iida and Haruo Ogi
Relationship between roar sound and behavior of Steller sea lion,
, migrating to the west coast of Hokkaido, northern Japan.
Susan Coccetti and Michael J. Schirripa
Difficulty of age determination between Pacific hake (Merluccius productus),
Pacific Ocean perch (Sebastes alutus), and sablefish (
Jung-Hwa Choi, Sung-Yun Hong, Hyung-Kee Cha and Glen Jamieson
Distinguished southern penaeid stock from western stock in Korea.
POC Paper Session.
Papers on all aspects of physical oceanography and climate in the North Pacific and its marginal seas are invited.
Michael Foreman, Barbara Hickey, Vera Trainer, Amy MacFadyen and Emanuele Di Lorenzo
Preliminary modelling and observational studies of the Juan de Fuca Eddy.
A. Krovnin, G. Khen, A. Figurkin, Yu. Sorokin, E. Ustinova, M. Bogdanov, G. Moury and M. Kruzhalov
Recent climatic changes in the Northwest Pacific.
Dmitri D. Kaplunenko and Vladimir I. Ponomarev
Assessing the climate change tendencies in the Northeast Asia and Northwest Pacific using the multiple imputation method.
Kyung-Il Chang and Y.B. Kim
Disappearance of the East Korean Warm Current in the southwestern East Sea.
Young-Gyu Park, Kyung-Hee Oh, Moon-Sik Suk and Kyoung-Il Chang
Intermediate level circulation in the southwestern part of the Japan/East Sea from subsurface floats.
Sung-Hyun Nam, Sang-Jin Lyu and Kuh Kim
The corrections of the high-frequency (2-20 days) fluctuation effects on the TOPEX/POSEIDON altimeter data in the East (Japan) Sea.
Young-Ho Kim and Kuh Kim
The effects of horizontal resolution in a Z-coordinate model of the East/Japan Sea.
See-Whan Kang, Ki-Cheon Jun, Kwang-Soon Park and Sang-Ik Kim
A sensitivity analysis of typhoon wind models with wind observations in Northeast Asian Sea.