FUTURE Advisory Panel on Climate, Oceanographic Variability and Ecosystems
  • Acronym: AP-COVE
  • Parent Committee: SB
  • Term: Oct. 2009 - Oct. 2014
    Appoved at PICES-2009
  • Chair: Hiroaki Saito

The Advisory Panel on Climate, Oceanographic Variability and Ecosystems (COVE) is focused on regional (shelf) to basin scale ecosystem processes and Pacific basin teleconnections. Even though COVE will keep all FUTURE key questions in mind while pursuing its activities, the purview of COVE is mainly the key questions (2) How do ecosystems respond to natural and anthropogenic forcing, and how might they change in the future? and (1) What determines an ecosystem’s intrinsic resilience and vulnerability to natural and anthropogenic forcing?

COVE will be associated initially with the following expert groups:

  • Section on Carbon and Climate (S-CC)
  • Working Group on Evaluation of Climate Change Projections (WG 20)
  • Working Group on Iron Supply and its Impact on Biogeochemistry and Ecosystems in the North Pacific Ocean (WG 22)
  • Working Group on Comparative Ecology of Krill in Continental Shelf and Oceanic Waters around the Pacific Rim (WG 23)

The expert groups associated with COVE should consider issues such as:

  1. Identifying organisms and processes that are sensitive to perturbations such as: long-term trends in physical oceanography and changes in interannual (ENSO) and decadal (e.g., PDO, NPGO) variability; the interaction of natural climate variability and greenhouse gas influences; and regional or short-term events such as storms and tsunamis
  2. Evaluating the intrinsic resiliency of ecosystems to pressures and perturbations, and understanding how ecosystem responses may be amplified or buffered through the influence of seasonal changes in physical (e.g., altered upwelling timing) and chemical conditions (e.g., hypoxia, eutrophication, ocean acidification), food-web dynamics, and other factors.

The expert groups associated with both AICE and COVE should consider issues such as:

  1. Understanding how natural and human perturbations cascade through ecosystems;
  2. The relevance of key species concepts in North Pacific marine ecosystems and their sensitivity to perturbation;
  3. Identifying amplifiers and buffers of perturbation effects in marine food webs and what scales and magnitudes of perturbations may induce irreversible ecosystem change;
  4. Understanding the mechanisms of recruitment variation in populations of commercially valuable organisms such as finfish, shellfish, shrimp, squid, kelp, etc.

Annual Meetings


2012, 2011, 2010

Session and Workshop Summaries


FUTURE projects

COVE-related national/regional projects (pdf, 0.1 Mb)

PICES Scientific Reports
Primary Journals
Related Materials
Other Publications
Members as December 2014
Jacquelynne R. King
Fisheries and Oceans Canada
Pacific Biological Station
3190 Hammond Bay Rd.
Nanaimo, BC
Canada V9T 6N7
E-mail: Jackie.King(at)dfo-mpo.gc.ca
Hiroaki Saito
AP- COVE Chairman
Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute
The University of Tokyo
5-1-5 Kashiwanoha
Kashiwa, Chiba
Japan 277-8564
E-mail: hsaito(at)aori.u-tokyo.ac.jp
Jung-Hoon Kang
South Sea Environment Research Division
Korea Institute of Ocean Science and Technology (KIOST)
41 Jangmok 1-gil, Jangmok-myon
Geoje , Gyeongsangnam-do
Korea, R 656-834
E-mail: jhkang(at)kiost.ac
Emanuele Di Lorenzo
School of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences
Georgia Institute of Technology
311 Ferst Dr.
Atlanta, GA
U.S.A. 30332
E-mail: edl(at)gatech.edu
Liqi Chen
Key Lab of Global Change and Marine-Atmospheric Chemistry
Third Institute of Oceanography, SOA
178 Daxue Rd.
Xiamen , Fujian
China, PR 361005
E-mail: Lqchen(at)soa.gov.cn
Toru Suzuki
Marine Information Research Center
Japan Hydrographic Association
1-6-6-6F Hanedakuko
Ota-ku, Tokyo
Japan 144-0041
E-mail: suzuki(at)mirc.jha.jp
Vyacheslav B. Lobanov
V.I. Il'ichev Pacific Oceanological Institute (POI), FEB RAS
43 Baltiyskaya St.
Vladivostok, Primorsky Kray
Russia 690041
E-mail: lobanov(at)poi.dvo.ru