Section: Carbon and Climate
  • Acronym: S-CC
  • Parent Committees: BIO, POC
  • Established: 2005
  • Renewed:
    Oct. 2021 - Oct. 2027 (renewed at PICES-2021)
    Oct. 2018 - Oct. 2021 (renewed at PICES-2019)
    Oct. 2014 - Oct. 2018 (renewed at PICES-2013)
    Oct. 2010 - Oct. 2013 (renewed at PICES-2010)
  • Co-Chair: Dr. Alexander Kozyr <>
    Co-Chair: Dr. Tsuneo Ono <>
  • Mailing List
  • Past Co-Chairs:
    James Christian (Oct. 2005 - Oct. 2019)
    Toshiro Saino (Oct. 2005 - Apr. 2014)
Terms of Reference

Revised in November 2021

  1. Coordinate and encourage ongoing and planned national and international syntheses of research studies regarding biogeochemical cycles of carbon, oxygen, and nutrients in the North Pacific and, where necessary and appropriate, for the larger Pacific basin;
  2. Ensure effective two-way communication with other international scientific groups that have a responsibility for the coordination of ocean carbon-related biogeochemical studies, such as the International Ocean Carbon Coordination Project (IOCCP), Ship of Opportunity Project (SOOP/VOS), GO-SHIP/CO2 Repeat Hydrography and the SOLAS/IMBeR implementation group for carbon research;
  3. Review the existing information on biogeochemical cycles of carbon, oxygen, and nutrients in the North Pacific, including anthropogenic carbon, the biological pump, impacts of ocean acidification and deoxygenation on marine biota, and possible feedbacks to atmospheric greenhouse gases; identify gaps in our knowledge, and make prioritized recommendations for future research;
  4. Periodically review the status of the methodology of measurements for the ocean carbon system, oxygen and nutrients, including the preparation of standards and reference materials, and sensor development, and advise on inter-calibration and quality control procedures;
  5. Identify suitable data sets on the oceanic biogeochemical system, including carbon, oxygen and nutrients in the Pacific region as they become available, and recommend the mechanisms of data and information exchange;
  6. Carry out and publish basin-scale syntheses of biogeochemical cycles of carbon, oxygen, and nutrients in the North Pacific, including new data whenever appropriate, and encourage scientific interpretation of these evolving data sets;
  7. Organize symposia, workshops, or Annual Meeting sessions on the biogeochemical cycles of carbon, oxygen, and nutrients, ocean acidification, ocean deoxygenation, and other climate studies in the North Pacific.
  8. Enhance cross-disciplinary collaboration across climate, ocean biogeochemistry, biology and fisheries on issues such as the biological effects of ocean acidification and deoxygenation.
  • Changes within S-CC Membership (USA): Prof. Andrew G. Dickson steppted down as a S-CC Member.
    11/16/2023 11:52:51 AM PST
  • Changes within CC-S Membership (Japan): Dr. Masahide Wakita is a newly appointed member of S-CC replacing Dr. Akihiko Murata and representing Japan.
    1/14/2022 3:14:07 PM PST
  • Changes within CC-S Membership (USA): Dr. Simone Alin is a new member of the S-CC Section.
    2/26/2021 4:04:50 PM PST
  • Changes within CC-S Membership (USA): Prof. Samantha Siedlecki is a new member of S-CC representing USA.
    9/2/2020 7:26:33 PM PST
  • Changes within CC-S Membership: Dr. Xianghui Guo (China) is a new S-CC member replacing Prof. Minhan Dai.
    8/21/2020 8:32:51 AM PST
Dr. James Christian (CC-S, POC)
Fisheries and Oceans Canada
Canadian Centre for Climate Modelling and Analysis
c/o University of Victoria, P.O. Box 3065
Victoria, BC
Canada V8W 3V6
(1-250) 686-6081
(1-250) 363-8247
Dr. Wiley Evans (CC-S)
Hakai Institute
1713 Hyacinthe Bay Rd.
Heriot Bay, BC
Canada V0P 1H0
Dr. Masao Ishii (CC-S)
Meteorological Research Institute
1-1 Nagamine
Tsukuba, Ibaraki
Japan 305-0052
(81-29) 853-8629
Dr. Shin-ichiro Nakaoka (CC-S)
National Institute for Environmental Studies
16-2 Onogawa
Tsukuba, Japan 305-8506
Dr. Tsuneo Ono (CC-S)
S-CC Co-Chair
Marine Environment Division, Fisheries Stock Assessment Center, Fisheries Resources Institute
Japan Fisheries Research and Education Agency (FRA)
2-12-4 Fukuura, Kanazawa-Ku
Yokohama, Kanagawa
Japan 236-8648
(81-45) 788-7695
(81-45) 788-5001
Dr. Toru Suzuki (CC-S, TCODE)
ex-officio, represents IODE in TCODE
Marine Information Research Center
Japan Hydrographic Association
1-6-6-6F Hanedakuko
Ota-ku, Tokyo
Japan 144-0041
(81-3) 5708-7106
Dr. Masahide Wakita (CC-S)
Mutsu Institute for Oceanography
Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology
690 Kitasekine, Sekine
Mutsu, Aomori
Japan 035-0022
(81-175) 45-1012
(81-175) 45-1079
Prof. Liqi Chen (CC-S)
Polar Research Institute of China (PRIC)
451 JinqiaoLu, Pudongxinqu
Shanghai, People's Republic of China 200120
Dr. Zhongyong Gao (CC-S, SG-ARC, WG-39, WG-44)
Key Laboratory of Global Change and Marine-Atmospheric Chemistry
Third Institute of Oceanography, MNR
178 Daxue Rd., Siming District
Xiamen, Fujian
People's Republic of China 361005
(86-592) 219 5121
(86-592) 219 5982
Dr. Xianghui Guo (CC-S)
State Key Laboratory of Marine Environmental Science
Xiamen University
A2-413 Zhou-Long-Quan Building, Xiamen University 4221 South Xiang’An Road, Xiang’An District
Xiamen, Fujian
People's Republic of China 361102
Dr. Liyang Zhan (CC-S)
Third Institute of Oceanography, MNR
178 Daxue Rd., Siming District
Xiamen, People's Republic of China 361005
(86-592) 1340 0654 4796
(86-592) 2195 5991
Ms. Yumei Zhao (CC-S)
Operation & Project Management Department
National Ocean Technology Center, MNR
219 Jieyuanxi Rd., Nankai District
Tianjin, People's Republic of China 300112
(86-22) 27536919
(86-22) 27367824
Prof. Kitack Lee (CC-S)
Division of Environmental Science and Engineering
Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH)
San 31, Hyoja-dong, Nam-gu
Pohang, Republic of Korea 790-784
(82-54) 279-2285
(82-54) 279-8299
Dr. Geun-Ha Park (CC-S)
Marine Environmental Research Center
Korea Institue of Ocean Science & Technology
385, Haeyang-ro, Yeongdo-gu
Busan, Republic of Korea 49111
Dr. Jeong Hee Shim (CC-S, MEQ)
Ocean Climate and Ecology Research Division
216, Gijanghaean-ro
Gijang-gun, Busan
Republic of Korea 46083
(82-51) 720-2221
(82-51) 720-2266
Dr. Andrey G. Andreev (CC-S)
V.I. Il´ichev Pacific Oceanological Institute (POI), FEB RAS
43 Baltiyskaya St.
Vladivostok, Primorsky Kray
Russia 690041
(7-4232) 313-092
(7-4232) 312-573
Dr. Pavel Ya. Tishchenko (CC-S, CREAMS-AP, WG-46)
Head, Hydrochemistry Laboratory
V.I. Il´ichev Pacific Oceanological Institute (POI), FEB RAS
43 Baltiyskaya St.
Vladivostok, Primorsky Kray
Russia 690041
(7-423)2 313-092
(7-423)2 312-573
Dr. Simone Alin (CC-S)
Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
7600 Sand Point Way NE, Bldg. 3
Seattle, WA
U.S.A. 98115
Dr. Richard A. Feely (CC-S)
Ocean Climate Research Div., NOAA/PMEL
Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory/NOAA
7600 Sand Point Way NE
Seattle, WA
U.S.A. 98115
(1-425) 773-7776
(1-206) 526-6744
Dr. Hernan Eduardo Garcia (CC-S, TCODE)
National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI)
1315 East-West Highway, SSMC-3, 4th Floor, Rm. 4626
Silver Spring, MD
U.S.A. 20910-3282
(1-301) 713-4856
Prof. Burke Hales (CC-S)
College of Oceanic and Atmospheric Sciences (COAS)
Oregon State University
104 Ocean Admin. Bldg.
Corvallis, OR
U.S.A. 97331
(1-541) 737-8121
Dr. Alexander Kozyr (CC-S)
S-CC Co-Chair
National Centers for Environmental Information
1315 East-West Highway
Silver Spring, MD
U.S.A. 20910-3282
Prof. Samantha Siedlecki (CC-S)
Marine Sciences
University of Connecticut
1080 Shennecossett Rd.
Groton, CT
U.S.A. 06340
Annual Meetings


2022, 2021, 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017, 2016, 2015, 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007, 2006, 2005

Session and Workshop Summaries

S10, Ocean acidification and deoxygenation and their impact on ocean ecosystems: Synthesis and next steps

S7, New stage of ocean acidification studies: Responses of oceanic ecosystem including fisheries resources
W1, Acidification of the North Pacific Ocean: A basin-wide assessment

S6, Ocean Acidification Observation Network for the North Pacific and adjacent areas of the Arctic Ocean

ICES 2015 ASC:
Theme Session H  Ocean acidification: Understanding chemical, biological and biochemical responses in marine ecosystems (report)

W5, SOLAS into the Future: Designing the next phase of the Surface Ocean-Lower Atmosphere Study within the context of the Future Earth Program

S4, The changing carbon cycle of North Pacific continental shelves and marginal seas

S14, Changing ocean biogeochemistry and its ecosystem impacts

W5, Carbon data synthesis (III)

S8, Anthropogenic perturbations of the carbon cycle and their impacts in the North Pacific
W10, Carbon data synthesis workshop

S2, Decadal changes in carbon biogeochemistry in the North Pacific

Symposia / Inter-sessional Workshops

S10, Changes in the marine carbon cycle, 2nd PICES/ICES/IOC Symposium on “Effects of climate change on the world’s oceans”, 2012

Summer 2019, Vol. 27, No. 2
Working together at the 4th GOA-ON International Workshop

Summer 2017, Vol. 25, No. 2
An ICES/PICES Workshop on “Understanding the impacts and consequences of ocean acidification for commercial species and end-users” How do we climb over the uncertainties? – A personal view

Winter 2011, Vol. 19, No. 1
Pacific Ocean Interior Carbon Data Synthesis, PACIFICA, in progress
PICES Scientific Reports
Journal Papers

Jiang, L.-Q et al. (2021) Coastal Ocean Data Analysis Product in North America (CODAP-NA) – an internally consistent data product for discrete inorganic carbon, oxygen, and nutrients on the North American ocean margins, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 13, 2777–2799.

Special Section: PICES North Pacific Carbon Synthesis, J. Oceanogr. 2009. Vol. 65, No. 5, pp. 587-720

Related Materials

C02 in the North Pacific Ocean (Working Group 13 Final Report). PICES Sci. Rep. No. 24

Special Publications

PICES Special Publications 5
Ocean Acidification and Deoxygenation in the North Pacific Ocean
Christian, J.R. and Ono, T. (Eds.) 2019

PICES Special Publication 3
Guide to Best Practices for Ocean CO2 Measurements
Dickson, A.G., Sabine, C.L. and Christian, J.R. (Eds.) 2007
Other Products
PACIFICA (PACIFic ocean Interior Carbon) database