Section: Carbon and Climate
  • Acronym: S-CC
  • Parent Committees: BIO, POC
  • Established: 2005
  • Renewed:
    Oct. 2018 - Oct. 2021 (renewed at PICES-2019)
    Oct. 2014 - Oct. 2018 (renewed at PICES-2013)
    Oct. 2010 - Oct. 2013 (renewed at PICES-2010)
  • Co-Chair: Dr. Alexander Kozyr <>
    Co-Chair: Dr. Tsuneo Ono <>
  • Mailing List
  • Past Co-Chairs:
    James Christian (Oct. 2005 - Oct. 2019)
    Toshiro Saino (Oct. 2005 - Apr. 2014)
Terms of Reference

Revised in April 2008

  1. Coordinate and encourage ongoing and planned national and international syntheses of carbon cycle research studies in the North Pacific and, where necessary and appropriate, for the larger Pacific basin;
  2. Ensure effective two-way communication with other international scientific groups that have a responsibility for the coordination of ocean carbon studies, such as the International Ocean Carbon Coordination Project (IOCCP), CLIVAR/CO2 Repeat Hydrography and the SOLAS/IMBER implementation group for carbon research;
  3. Review the existing information on carbon cycling in the North Pacific, including anthropogenic carbon, the biological pump, impacts of ocean acidification on marine biota, and possible feedbacks to atmospheric greenhouse gases; identify gaps in our knowledge, and make prioritized recommendations for future research;
  4. Periodically review the status of the methodology of CO2 measurements, including the preparation of standards and reference materials, and advise on inter-calibration and quality control procedures;
  5. Identify suitable data sets on the oceanic CO2 system in the Pacific region as they become available, and recommend the mechanisms of data and information exchange;
  6. Carry out and publish (in the refereed literature) basin-scale syntheses of carbon cycling in the North Pacific, including new data whenever appropriate, and encourage scientific interpretation of these evolving data sets;
  7. Organize symposia, workshops, or Annual Meeting sessions on the carbon cycle, ocean acidification, and climate studies in the North Pacific.
  • Changes within S-CC Membership: Dr. Alexander Kozyr (USA) is a new S-CC Co-Chair, replacing Dr. James Christian (Canada). S-CC’s duration has been extended until PICES-2021.
    11/4/2019 9:30:14 AM PST
  • Changes within S-CC Membership: Drs. Lisa Miller and Sophie Johannessen (Canada) stepped down as members of the Section on Carbon and Climate.
    6/18/2019 7:25:32 AM PST
  • Changes within S-CC Membership: Dr. Chen-Tung Arthur Chen stepped down as ex-officio member of the S-CC representing International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP).
    4/12/2018 12:52:19 PM PST
  • Changes within S-CC Membership: Dr. Shin-ichiro Nakaoka is a new member of S-CC replacing Dr. Yutaka Watanabe and representing Japan.
    4/18/2017 12:18:19 PM PST
  • Changes within S-CC Membership: Prof. Yumei Zhao and Dr. Liyang Zhan are new members of S-CC Section representing China.
    2/22/2017 12:00:00 AM PST
Dr. James Christian (CC-S, POC, WG-40)
Fisheries and Oceans Canada
Canadian Centre for Climate Modelling and Analysis
c/o University of Victoria, P.O. Box 3065
Victoria, BC
Canada V8W 3V6
(1-250) 363-8319
(1-250) 363-8247
Dr. Masao Ishii (CC-S)
Oceanography and Geochemistry Research Department
Meteorological Research Institute
1-1 Nagamine
Tsukuba, Ibaraki
Japan 305-0052
(81-29) 853-8727
(81-29) 853-8728
Dr. Akihiko Murata (CC-S)
Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC)
2-15 Natsushima-cho
Yokosuka, Kanagawa
Japan 237-0061
(81-45) 867-9503
Dr. Shin-ichiro Nakaoka (CC-S)
National Institute for Environmental Studies
16-2 Onogawa
Tsukuba, Japan 305-8506
Dr. Tsuneo Ono (CC-S, WG-35)
S-CC Co-Chair
Fisheries Oceanography Group, Oceanic resources Division
National Research Institute of Far Seas Fisheries, FRA
2-12-4 Fukuura, Kanazawa-Ku
Yokohama, Kanagawa
Japan 236-8648
(81-45) 788-7697
(81-45) 788-5001
Dr. Toru Suzuki (CC-S, TCODE)
Marine Information Research Center
Japan Hydrographic Association
1-6-6-6F Hanedakuko
Ota-ku, Tokyo
Japan 144-0041
(81-3) 5708-7106
Prof. Liqi Chen (CC-S)
Key Lab of Global Change and Marine-Atmospheric Chemistry
Third Institute of Oceanography, MNR
178 Daxue Rd., Siming District
Xiamen, Fujian
People's Republic of China 361005
(86-592) 2195353
(86-592) 2195982
Prof. Minhan Dai (CC-S)
State Key Laboratory of Marine Environmental Science
Xiamen University
XianganNan Rd., Xiangan Distirct
Xiamen, Fujian
People's Republic of China 361102
(86-592) 2182132
(86-592) 2184101
Dr. Zhongyong Gao (CC-S, WG-39, WG-44)
Key Laboratory of Global Change and Marine-Atmospheric Chemistry
Third Institute of Oceanography, MNR
178 Daxue Rd., Siming District
Xiamen, Fujian
People's Republic of China 361005
(86-592) 219 5121
(86-592) 219 5982
Dr. Liyang Zhan (CC-S)
Third Institute of Oceanography, MNR
178 Daxue Rd., Siming District
Xiamen, People's Republic of China 361005
(86-592) 1340 0654 4796
(86-592) 2195 5991
Ms. Yumei Zhao (CC-S)
Operation & Project Management Department
National Ocean Technology Center, MNR
219 Jieyuanxi Rd., Nankai District
Tianjin, People's Republic of China 300112
(86-22) 27536919
(86-22) 27367824
Dr. Dong-Jin Kang (CC-S, WG-35)
Korea South Pacific Ocean Research Center
Korea Institute of Ocean Science and Technology (KIOST)
787, Haean-ro(st), Sangnok-gu, Ansan-si
Gyeonggi, Republic of Korea 15627
(82-31) 400-7840
(82-31) 500-4537
Prof. Kitack Lee (CC-S)
Division of Environmental Science and Engineering
Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH)
San 31, Hyoja-dong, Nam-gu
Pohang, Republic of Korea 790-784
(82-54) 279-2285
(82-54) 279-8299
Dr. Jeong Hee Shim (CC-S)
Marine Resources and Environment Department
East Sea Fisheries Research Institute, NIFS
1194 Haean-ro, Yeongok-myeon
Gangneung, Gangwon-do
Republic of Korea 25435
(82-33) 660-8534
(82-33) 661-3923
Dr. Andrey G. Andreev (CC-S)
V.I. Il´ichev Pacific Oceanological Institute (POI), FEB RAS
43 Baltiyskaya St.
Vladivostok, Primorsky Kray
Russia 690041
(7-4232) 313-092
(7-4232) 312-573
Dr. Pavel Ya. Tishchenko (CC-S, CREAMS-AP)
Head, Hydrochemistry Laboratory
V.I. Il´ichev Pacific Oceanological Institute (POI), FEB RAS
43 Baltiyskaya St.
Vladivostok, Primorsky Kray
Russia 690041
(7-423)2 313-092
(7-423)2 312-573
Prof. Andrew G. Dickson (CC-S)
Scripps Institution of Oceanography, UCSD
9500 Gilman Dr.
La Jolla, CA
U.S.A. 92093-0244
(1-858) 822-2990
Dr. Richard A. Feely (CC-S)
Ocean Climate Research Div., NOAA/PMEL
Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory/NOAA
7600 Sand Point Way NE
Seattle, WA
U.S.A. 98115
(1-206) 526-6214
(1-206) 526-6744
Dr. Hernan Eduardo Garcia (CC-S, TCODE)
National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI)
1315 East West Hwy, SSMC-3, 4th Floor, Room 4626
Silver Spring, MD
U.S.A. 20910-3282
(1-301) 713-4856
(1-301) 713-3303
Prof. Burke Hales (CC-S)
College of Oceanic and Atmospheric Sciences (COAS)
Oregon State University
104 Ocean Admin. Bldg.
Corvallis, OR
U.S.A. 97331
(1-541) 737-8121
Dr. Alexander Kozyr (CC-S)
S-CC Co-Chair
National Centers for Environmental Information
1315 East-West Highway
Silver Spring, MD
U.S.A. 20910-3282
Annual Meetings


2019, 2018, 2017, 2016, 2015, 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007, 2006, 2005

Session and Workshop Summaries

S10, Ocean acidification and deoxygenation and their impact on ocean ecosystems: Synthesis and next steps

S7, New stage of ocean acidification studies: Responses of oceanic ecosystem including fisheries resources
W1, Acidification of the North Pacific Ocean: A basin-wide assessment

S6, Ocean Acidification Observation Network for the North Pacific and adjacent areas of the Arctic Ocean

ICES 2015 ASC:
Theme Session H  Ocean acidification: Understanding chemical, biological and biochemical responses in marine ecosystems (report)

W5, SOLAS into the Future: Designing the next phase of the Surface Ocean-Lower Atmosphere Study within the context of the Future Earth Program

S4, The changing carbon cycle of North Pacific continental shelves and marginal seas

S14, Changing ocean biogeochemistry and its ecosystem impacts

W5, Carbon data synthesis (III)

S8, Anthropogenic perturbations of the carbon cycle and their impacts in the North Pacific
W10, Carbon data synthesis workshop

S2, Decadal changes in carbon biogeochemistry in the North Pacific

Symposia / Inter-sessional Workshops

S10, Changes in the marine carbon cycle, 2nd PICES/ICES/IOC Symposium on “Effects of climate change on the world’s oceans”, 2012

Summer 2019, Vol. 27, No. 2
Working together at the 4th GOA-ON International Workshop

Summer 2017, Vol. 25, No. 2
An ICES/PICES Workshop on “Understanding the impacts and consequences of ocean acidification for commercial species and end-users” How do we climb over the uncertainties? – A personal view

Winter 2011, Vol. 19, No. 1
Pacific Ocean Interior Carbon Data Synthesis, PACIFICA, in progress
PICES Scientific Reports
Primary Journals

Special Section: PICES North Pacific Carbon Synthesis, J. Oceanogr. 2009. Vol. 65, No. 5, pp. 587-720

Related Materials

C02 in the North Pacific Ocean (Working Group 13 Final Report). PICES Sci. Rep. No. 24

Other Publications
Guide to best practices for ocean CO2 measurements
Dickson, A.G., Sabine, C.L. and Christian, J.R. (Eds.) 2007
Other Products
PACIFICA (PACIFic ocean Interior Carbon) database