Working Group 33: Joint PICES / ICES Working Group on Climate Change and Biologically-driven Ocean Carbon Sequestration
Terms of Reference
  1. Document and identify current knowledge about biologically-driven carbon pumps.
  2. Compare current approaches and develop standardized protocols for measuring and reporting key parameters and variables during field studies and laboratory experiments on biologically-driven ocean carbon sequestration.
  3. Promote international collaboration for developing new experimental approaches and facilities.
  4. Integrate results from laboratory and field studies into numerical modeling for forecasting biologically-driven ocean carbon sequestration in the contemporary and future ocean.
  5. Hold annual workshops and business meetings at PICES, ICES or both organizations annual meetings.
  6. Organize a theme session within a science symposium in year 3  (ca. 2018-19 timeframe) to present, discuss and publish forecasts of the effects of climate change on biologically-driven ocean carbon sequestration; The Fourth Climate Effects on the World's Oceans Symposium, tentatively planned for 2018 might be a good venue.  Produce a special issue of a scientific journal based on the theme session, or contribute multiple papers to the Symposium special issue.
  7. Provide scientific advice to international organizations such as IPCC that might aid in establishing climate policies.
  8. Publish a final report summarizing the results of the WG as a jointly published Scientific Report in both PICES and ICES.
Annual Meetings


2017, 2016, ICES WGCCBOCS / PICES WG 33 Kick-off Meeting Report (June 17, 2016, Hong Kong, China)

Session and Workshop Summaries

Science Board Symposium S1, Nianzhi Jiao, Biological mediated carbon cycling and sequestration in the ocean and climate change: A new dimension and perspective
S13, Anthropogenic effects on biogeochemical processes, carbon export and sequestration: Impact on ocean ecosystem services

Symposia / Inter-sessional Workshops

2018, 4th PICES/ICES/IOC/FAO Symposium on The effects of climate change on the world’s oceans
S3, Carbon uptake, ocean acidification, and ecosystems and human impacts

2015, 3rd PICES/ICES/IOC Symposium on Effects of Climate change on the world’s oceans, Santos, Brazil
W3, Effects of climate change on the biologically-driven ocean carbon pumps


Summer 2015, Vol. 23, No. 2
2015 Santos Workshop on “Effects of climate change on the biologically-driven ocean carbon pumps

PICES Scientific Reports
Primary Journals
Unveiling the enigma of refractory carbon in the ocean
Nianzhi Jiao et al.
National Science Review (2018), nwy020,

Blue carbon on the rise: Challenges and opportunities
Nianzhi Jiao et al.
National Science Review (2018), nwy030,

Food for Thought: Advanced experimental approaches to marine water-column biogeochemical processes
Louis Legendre, Richard B. Rivkin, and Nianzhi Jiao
ICES Journal of Marine Science (2018) 75(1), 30–42, doi:10.1093/icesjms/fsx146

Related Materials
Other Publications
Dr. Angelica Peña (BIO, S-CCME, WG-33)
Fisheries and Oceans Canada
Institute of Ocean Sciences
9860 W. Saanich Rd., P.O. Box 6000
Sidney, BC
Canada V8L 4B2
(1-250) 363-6576
(1-250) 363-6746
Prof. Richard B. Rivkin (WG-33)
WG-33 Co-Chair (PICES)
Department of Ocean Sciences
Memorial University of Newfoundland
Elizabeth Ave.
St. John's, NF
Canada A1C 5S7
(1-709) 864 3720
Dr. Curtis Suttle (WG-33)
Department of Earth, Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences
University of British Columbia
Earth Sciences Building, 2020 -2207 Main Mall
Vancouver, BC
Canada V6Y 1Z4
(1-604) 822-8610
Prof. Nianzhi Jiao (WG-33)
WG-33 Co-Chair (PICES)
State Key Laboratory of Marine Environmental Science
Xiamen University, Xiang'an campus
Zhou Long Quan A2-301
Xiamen, Fujian
China, PR 361005
(86-592) 2187869
(86-592) 2187869
Dr. Ya-Wei Luo (WG-33)
State Key Laboratory of Marine Environmental Science
Xiamen University, Xiang-An Campus
A3-317 Zhou Long Quan Hall
Xiang-An, Xiamen, Fujian
China, PR 361102
Prof. Fengping Wang (WG-33)
Shanghai Jiao Tong University
800 Dongchuan Rd., Minhang District
Shanghai, China, PR 200240
Prof. Chuanlun Zhang (WG-33)
State Key Laboratory of Marine Geology
Tongji University
1239 Siping Rd., Yangpu District
Shanghai, China, PR 200092
Dr. Rui Zhang (WG-33)
Institute of Marine Microbes and Ecospheres
Xiamen University (Xiang'an)
A3-314 Zhoulongquan Bldg.
Xiamen, Fujian
China, PR 361102
Prof. Koji Suzuki (WG-33)
Faculty of Environmental Earth Science
Hokkaido University
North 10 West 5, Kita-ku
Sapporo, Hokkaido
Japan 060-0810
(81-11) 706-2370
(81-11) 706-2370
Prof. Youhei Yamashita (WG-33)
Faculty of Environmental Earth Science
Hokkaido University
North 10 West 5, Kita-ku
Sapporo, Hokkaido
Japan 060-0810
Prof. Keun-Hyung Choi (AP-NIS, WG-33)
Department of Oceanography and Ocean Environmental Sciences
Chungnam National University
Daehak-ro 99, Yuseong-gu
Daejeon, Korea, R 34134
(82-42) 821-6432
Prof. Jung-Ho Hyun (WG-33)
Department of Marine Sciences and Convergent Technology
Hanyang University
55 Hanyangdaehak-ro, Sangnok-gu
Ansan, Korea, R 15588
(82 10) 2365 6431
Dr. Eun Young Kwon (WG-33)
School of Earth and Environmental Sciences
Seoul National University
1 Gwanak-ro Gwanak-gu
Seoul, Korea, R 08826
(82-10) 4731-1566
Dr. Uta Passow (WG-33)
Marine Science Institute
University of California Santa Barbara
Santa Barbara, CA
U.S.A. CA 93106
805 893 2363