The aim of these pages is to present some of the most recent data to show the current status of the plankton populations in regions of the North Pacific that are sampled by the CPR. These regions are (see map):
| Plankton Abundance
| Species List
| Zooplankton Biomass
| Phytoplankton Colour Index
| CTD Data]
Ten regions which reflect the different oceanographic provinces that are sampled by the two transects have been delineated (e.g. oceanic areas and shelf regions around the north Pacific rim, see Figure). Monthly averages of plankton indices can be calculated for each region, though it should be noted that not all regions have the same intensity of sampling. Data from the current or most recent year are provisional and have not yet been quality controlled – expect these data to change once sample analysis is complete . The following publications contain information on CPR sampling and sample analysis:
Batten, S.D., Clarke, R.A., Flinkman, J., Hays, G.C., John, E.H., John, A.W.G., Jonas, T.J., Lindley, J.A., Stevens, D.P., Walne, A.W. (2003) CPR sampling – The technical background, materials and methods, consistency and comparability. Progress in Oceanography 58, 193-215
Richardson, A.J., Walne, A.W., John, A.W.G., Jonas, T.D., Lindley, J.A., Sims, D.W., Stevens, D., and Witt, M. (2006). Using continuous plankton recorder data. Progr. Oceanogr. 68, 27-74
These web pages do not include all available CPR data – presence/absence data are not included, nor are data from samples in between these 10 regions. All Pacific CPR data are freely available however; for other data enquiries please contact Sonia Batten, email@example.com
AKsh = Alaskan Shelf
AleutSh = Aleutian Shelf
CoastBC = Coastal British Columbia
CookIn = Cook Inlet
NEJap = North East Japan Shelf
NGoA = Northen Gulf of Alaska
Offshore BC = Offshore British Columbia
SouthBerSea = Southern Bering Sea
WGoA = Western Gulf of Alaska
WNPacific = Western North Pacific
Sydeman, W.J., Thompson, S.A., García-Reyes, M., Kroeger, C., Hoover, B., Batten, S.D. and Rojek, N.A. (2023). Effects of currents and temperature on ecosystem productivity in Unimak Pass, Alaska, a premier seabird and biodiversity hotspot. Progress in Oceanography 216
Li, K., Naviaux, J.C., Lingampelly, S.S., Wang, L., Monk, J.M., Taylor, C.M., Ostle, C., Batten, S., and Naviaux, R.K. (2023) Historical biomonitoring of pollution trends in the North Pacific using archived samples from the Continuous Plankton Recorder Survey. Science of the Total Environment 865 (2023) 161222
Hoover BA, Garcıa-Reyes M, Batten SD, Gentemann CL, Sydeman WJ (2021) Spatiotemporal persistence of zooplankton communities in the Gulf of Alaska. PLoS ONE 16(1): e0244960. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0244960
Batten, S.D., Ostle, C., Hélaouët, P. and Walne,A.W, (2021) Responses of Gulf of Alaska plankton communities to a marine heat wave. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography,105002,ISSN 0967-0645, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr2.2021.105002
Pinchuk, A.I., Batten, S.D., and Strasburger, W.W. (2021). Doliolid (Tunicata, Thaliacea) blooms in the southeastern Gulf of Alaska as a result of the recent heat wave of 2014-2016. Frontiers in Marine Science, 8, 159. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2021.625486
Espinasse, B., Hunt, B.P.V., Batten, S.D., and Pakhomov, E. (2019). Defining isoscapes in the Northeast Pacific as an index of ocean productivity. Global Ecology and Biogeography. https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.13022
Stern, R., Trainer, V.L., Moore, S.K. and Batten, S.D. (2018) Spatial patterns of Pseudo-nitzschia genetic diversity in the North Pacific from Continuous Plankton Recorder surveys. Marine Ecology Progress Series. https://doi.org/10.3354/meps12711
Batten, S.D., Ruggerone, G.T. and Ortiz, I. (2018). Pink Salmon induce a trophic cascade in plankton populations in the southern Bering Sea and around the Aleutian Islands. Fisheries Oceanography. https://doi.org/10.1111/fog.12276
Batten, S.D., Raitsos, D.E., Danielson, S.,Hopcroft, R.R., Coyle, K. and McQuatters-Gollop, A. (2018). Interannual variability in lower trophic levels on the Alaskan Shelf. Deep Sea Research II, 147, 58-68.
Fu, C., Olsen, N., Taylor, N., Grűss, A., Batten, S., Liu, H., Verley, P., and Shin, Y.-J. (2017) Spatial and temporal dynamics of predator-prey species interactions off western Canada. - ICES Journal of Marine Science. https://doi.org/10.1093/icesjms/fsx056
Batten, S.D., Chiba, S., Edwards, M., Hall, J., Hosie, G., Melrose, C., Muxagata, E., Richardson, A.J., Verheye, H. M., Helaouet, P., Rochester, W., and Stevens, D. (2016). The Status of Zooplankton Populations. In: UNESCO IOC and UNEP. The Open Ocean: Status and Trends. United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), Nairobi.
Batten, S.D., Moffitt, S., Pegau, W.S., and Campbell, R. (2016). Plankton indices explain interannual variability in Prince William Sound herring first year growth. Fisheries Oceanography 25, 420-432.
Yoshiki T, S Chiba, H Sugisaki, T Ichikawa, S Batten (2015) Northerly shift of warm-water copepods in the western subarctic North Pacific: Continuous Plankton Recorder samples (2001-2010), Fisheries Oceanography 24, 414-429.
Chiba S., Batten, S., Yoshiki, T., Sasaki, Y., Sasaoka, K., Sugisaki, H., and Ichikawa, T. (2014) Temperature and zooplankton size structure: climate control and basin-scale comparison in the North Pacific. Ecology and Evolution. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.1408
Batten, S.D., and Gower, J.F.R. (2014). Did the iron fertilization near Haida Gwaii in 2012 affect the pelagic lower trophic level ecosystem? Journal of Plankton Research, 39, 925-932.
Batten, S.D. (2013). Euphausiids in North Pacific Continuous Plankton Recorder sampling. Chapter 4 in: Report of Working Group 23 on Comparative ecology of krill in coastal and oceanic waters around the Pacific rim. Eds. Shaw, C.T., Peterson, W.T and Sun, S. PICES Scientific Report, 43, 100 pp.
Yoshiki, T.M., Chiba, S., Sugisaki, H., Sasaoka, K., Ono, T. and Batten, S. (2013) Interannual and regional variations in abundance patterns and developmental timing in mesozooplankton of the western North Pacific Ocean based on Continuous Plankton Recorder during 2001–2009. Journal of Plankton Research 35, 993-1008.
Chiba, S., Batten, S., Sasaoka, K., Sasai, Y., and Sugisaki, H. (2012). Influence of the Pacific Decadal Oscillation on phytoplankton phenology and community structure in the western North Pacific. Geophysical Research Letters 39, L15603. https://doi.org/10.1029/2012GL052912
Rooper, C.N., J.L. Boldt, S.D. Batten & C. Gburski. (2012). Growth and production of Pacific ocean perch (Sebastes alutus) in nursery habitats of the Gulf of Alaska. Fisheries Oceanography 21, 415-429.
Batten, S.D. and Walne, A.W. (2011) Variability in northwards extension of warm water copepods in the NE Pacific. Journal of Plankton Research 33, 1643-1653
Bond, A.L., Jones, I.L., Williams, J.C., and Byrd, V. (2011). Diet of auklet chicks in the Aleutian Islands, Alaska: similarity among islands, interspecies overlap, and relationships to ocean climate. Journal of Ornithology, volume 153, pages 115–129 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10336-011-0704-3
Batten, S.D. (2011) Continuous Plankton Recorders in the North Pacific Ocean, McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science and Technology 2011.
W.J. Sydeman, S.A. Thompson, J.A. Santora, M.F. Henry, Morgan, K.H. and Batten, S.D. Macro-Ecology of Plankton-Seabird Associations in the North Pacific Ocean (2010). Journal of Plankton Research. 32(12): 1697-1713
Roberta C. Hamme, R.C., Webley, P.W., Crawford, W.R, Whitney, F.A., DeGrandpre, M.E., Emerson, S.R., Eriksen, C.C., Giesbrecht, K.E., Gower, J.F.R, Kavanaugh, M.T., Peña, M.A., Sabine, C.L., Batten, S.D., Coogan, L.A., Grundle, D.S., Lockwood, D. (2010). Volcanic ash fuels anomalous plankton bloom in subarctic Northeast Pacific. Geophysical Research Letters, VOL. 37, L19604, a href="https://doi.org/10.1029/2010GL044629" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1029/2010GL044629, 2010.
Batten, S., Chen, X., Flint, E.N., Freeland, H.J., Holmes, J., Howell, E., Ichii, T., Kaeriyama, M., Landry, M., Lunsford, C., Mackas, D.L., Mate, B., Matsuda, K., McKinnell, S.M., Miller, L., Morgan, K., Peña, A., Polovina, J.J., Robert, M., Seki, M.P., Sydeman, W.J., Thompson, S.A., Whitney, F.A., Woodworth, P., Yamaguchi, A. 2010. Status and trends of the North Pacific oceanic region, 2003-2008, pp. 56-105 In S.M. McKinnell and M.J. Dagg. [Eds.] Marine Ecosystems of the North Pacific Ocean, 2003-2008. PICES Special Publication 4, 393 p.
Batten, S.D., and Mackas, D.L. (2009) Shortened duration of the annual Neocalanus plumchrus biomass peak in the Northeast Pacific. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 393, 189-198.
Lindley, J.A., and Batten, S.D. (2008) Distribution and seasonal cycles of decapod crustacean larvae in Continuous Plankton Records from the North Pacific Ocean. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. Vol. 88 (03) 443-451.
Mackas, D.L., Batten, S.D., and Trudel, M., (2007) Effects on zooplankton of a warming ocean: recent evidence from the Northeast Pacific. Progress in Oceanography, 75, 223-252
Batten, S.D. and Freeland, H.J. (2007). Plankton populations at the bifurcation of the North Pacific Current. Fisheries Oceanography, 16, 536-646.
Kirby, R.R., Lindley, J.A., and Batten, S.D. (2007). Spatial heterogeneity and genetic variation in the copepod Neocalanus cristatus along two transects in the North Pacific sampled by the Continuous Plankton Recorder. Journal of Plankton Research 29, 97-106
Batten, S.D., Hyrenbach, K.D., Sydeman, W.J., Morgan, K.H., Henry, M.F., Yen, P.Y. and Welch, D.W. (2006). Characterising Meso-Marine Ecosystems of the North Pacific. Deep Sea Research II, 53, 270-290.
Batten, S.D and Crawford, W.R. (2005). The influence of coastal origin eddies on oceanic plankton distributions in the eastern Gulf of Alaska. Deep Sea Research II, 52, 991-1009.
Lindley, J.A., Batten, S.D., Coyle, K.O and Pinchuk, A.I. (2004). Regular occurrence of Thysanoessa inspinata (Crustacea: Euphausiacea) in the Gulf of Alaska. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the UK, 84, 1033-1037.
Batten, S.D. and Welch, D.W. (2004). Changes in oceanic zooplankton populations in the North-east Pacific associated with the possible climatic regime shift of 1998/1999. Deep Sea Research II, 51, 863-873.
Batten, S.D., Welch, D.W., and Jonas, T. (2003). Latitudinal differences in the duration of development of Neocalanus plumchrus copepodites. Fisheries Oceanography, 12 (3), 201-208.