Working Group 49: Climate Extremes and Coastal Impacts in the Pacific

There is recognition of increased risk of more frequent and more severe extreme events within the Pacific domain. For example, a series of Marine Heat Waves (MHW) has occurred in the eastern North Pacific over the past 5 years, with substantial ecological and socioeconomic impacts on the west coast of North America. The 2015 MHW resulted in one of the largest harmful algal blooms ever recorded, leading to lost shellfish harvest, marine mammal deaths and lasting impacts on coastal communities (McCabe et al. 2015). In the western North Pacific Ocean near Japan, another long-term MHW occurred in the Oyashio region from 2010 to 2016, with significant impacts on local communities through changes in fish species available for catch (Miyama et al. 2021). There is a clear need to better understand the physical drivers and assess the predictability of MHWs and other extreme events, such as heavy rainfall, typhoons, and coastal inundation, and to be more prepared to resolve the socioeconomic impacts resulting from these events. Coastal communities around the Pacific Rim, which are highly reliant on coastal ecosystem services, are particularly vulnerable to these extreme events and in need of a suite of potential solutions to these climate-driven changes

Terms of Reference
  1. Develop a census of historical climate extreme events around the Pacific Rim to describe their characteristics, identify potential climate and ocean drivers, and catalog the ecological and socioeconomic consequences.
  2. Focus on case studies (e.g., MHWs) for full exploration: drivers, predictability, ecological and societal impacts, and dissemination of information for actionable solutions.
  3. Assess the predictability of climate extremes and establish leading indicators to mitigate impacts on coastal communities.
  4. Develop models to predict how existing ecosystem services may be affected by climate extremes and what effects those would have on different human communities.
  5. Identify a set of social, economic, and cultural indicators that account for the suite of human dimension impacts from climate extremes.
  6. Work with experts in science communications and participants in the UN Decade of Ocean Science (e.g., SMARTNET) to develop and disseminate information and products related to the drivers, predictability and impacts of climate extremes.
  7. Identify and engage partners in the prioritization of activities and deliverables.
  • Changes within WG 49 Membership (Korea) Changsin Kim and Hyoeun Oh are the newly appointed members of WG-49 replacing Dr. In-Seong Han.
    4/8/2024 4:20:51 PM PST
  • Changes within WG 49 Membership (Canada) Jennifer Jackson is a newly appointed member of WG-49.
    4/5/2024 2:20:08 PM PST
  • Changes within WG 49 Membership (Korea) Dr. Chun Ok Jo is a new member of WG-49 replacing Dr. MinHo Kwon.
    1/29/2024 2:46:07 PM PST
  • Changes within WG 49 Membership (Co-Chairs): Ms. Karen Hunter (Canada), Helen Killeen (USA), Drs. Chan Joo Jang (Korea), Hiroki Wakamatsu (Japan) were elected as WG-49 Co-Chairs; Antonietta Capotondi is as a WG-49 ex officio member and co-Chair, representing CLIVAR.
    12/29/2022 4:57:49 PM PST
  • New Working Group 49 Membership (Korea) Profs. Sukgeun Jung, Sung Yong Kim, and Dr. In-Seong Han are newly appointed members of WG-49 representing Korea.
    8/29/2022 2:12:23 PM PST
Dr. Charles Hannah (AP-NPCOOS, POC, WG-49)
Fisheries and Oceans Canada
Institute of Ocean Sciences
9860 W. Saanich Rd., P.O. Box 6000
Sidney, BC
Canada V8L 4B2
(1-250) 363-6369
(1-250) 363-6390
Ms. Karen Hunter (HD, WG-49, WG-51)
HD Vice-Chair, WG-49 Co-Chair, WG-51 Co-Chair
Pacific Biological Station
Fisheries and Oceans Canada
3190 Hammond Bay Rd.
Nanaimo, BC
Canada V9T 6N7
Dr. Jennifer M. Jackson (AP-NPCOOS, AP-UNDOS, POC, WG-49)
POC Vice-Chair, AP-NPCOOS Co-Chair
Fisheries and Oceans Canada
Institute of Ocean Sciences 9860 W. Saanich Rd., P.O. Box 6000
Sidney, BC
Canada V8L 4B2
(1-250) 706-8549
Dr. Hiroshi Kuroda (WG-49)
Marine Environment Division, Fisheries Stock Assessment Center, Fisheries Resources Institute
Japan Fisheries Research and Education Agency (FRA)
116 Katsurakoi
Kushiro, Hokkaido
Japan 085-0802
(81-154) 92-1723
(81-154) 91-9355
Prof. Shoshiro Minobe (WG-49)
ex-officio representing WCRP (LHA EPESC) in WG-49
Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Sciences
Hokkaido University
N10W8 Rigaku-8-goukan 3F
Sapporo, Hokkaido
Japan 060-0810
(81-11) 706-2644
(81-11) 706-2644
Dr. Haruka Nishikawa (WG-43, WG-49)
Research Institute for Value-Added-Information Generation
Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC)
3173-25 Showa-machi, Kanazawa-ku
Yokohama, Kanagawa
Japan 236-0001
Dr. Hiroki Wakamatsu (WG-49)
WG-49 Co-Chair
Policy Research Institute
Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, and Fisheries
3-1-1 Kasumigaseki
Chiyoda, Tokyo
Japan 100-0013
Dr. Changming Dong (WG-49)
Oceanic Modeling and Observation Laboratory
Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology
219 Ningliu Road
Nanjing, Jiangsu
People's Republic of China 210044
Prof. Jian Tony Ma (WG-49)
School of Oceanography
Shanghai Jiao Tong University
1954 Huashan Road
Xuhui, Shanghai
People's Republic of China 200030
Ms. Yajuan Song (WG-49)
First Institute of Oceanography, MNR
6 Xianxialing Rd., Hi-Tech Park, LaoShan District
Qingdao, Shandong
People's Republic of China 266061
Dr. Chan Joo Jang (POC, WG-49)
WG-49 Co-Chair
Ocean Circulation and Climate Research Department
Korea Institute of Ocean Science and Technology (KIOST)
385 Haeyang-ro, Youngdo-gu
Busan, Republic of Korea 49111
(82-51) 664-3117
(82-51) 403-4920
Dr. Chun-Ok Jo (WG-49)
Oceanscitech Inc.
59-9, Magokjungang-ro, Gangseo-gu
Seoul, Republic of Korea 07807
Prof. Sukgeun Jung (FIS, S-CCME, WG-49)
Department of Marine Life Science
Jeju National University
1 Ara 1-dong, 102 Jejudaehakno
Jeju, Republic of Korea 690-756
(82-51) 754-3424
(82-51) 756-3473
Dr. Changsin Kim (WG-49)
Ocean Climate & Ecology Research Division
216 Gijanghaean-ro, Gijang-eup, Gijang-gun
BUSAN, Republic of Korea 46083
Prof. Sung Yong Kim (AP-NPCOOS, MONITOR, SB, SG-GREEN, WG-47, WG-49, WG-50)
Environmental Fluid Mechanics Laboratory (EFML)
Department of Mechanical Engineering, KAIST
291 Daehak-ro, Yuseong-gu
Daejeon, Republic of Korea 34141
(82-42) 350-1523
(82-42) 350-1510
Dr. Hyoeun Oh (WG-49)
Coastal Disaster & Safety Research Department
Korea Institute of Ocean Science & Technology (KIOST)
385 Haeyang-ro, Yeongdo-gu
Busan, Republic of Korea 49111
Prof. Jongseong Ryu (HD, WG-49, WG-51)
Department of Marine Biotechnology
Anyang University
602-14, Jungang-no, Bureun-myeon,
Ganghwa-gun, Incheon
Republic of Korea 23038
(82-32) 930-6033
(82-32) 930-6215
Dr. Steven J. Bograd (AP-ECOP, AP-UNDOS, FUTURE-SSC, POC, SB, WG-49)
FUTURE-SSC Co-Chair, AP-ECOP Mentor, AP-UNDOS Co-Chair
Environmental Research Division
99 Pacific St., Suite 255A
Monterey, CA
U.S.A. 93940
(1-831) 648-8314
Dr. Antonietta Capotondi (WG-49)
ex-officio, WG-49 Co-Chair representing CLIVAR
University of Colorado
325 Broadway
Boulder, CO
U.S.A. 80305
(1-303) 807-0304
(1-303) 497-6449
Prof. Emanuele Di Lorenzo (AP-UNDOS, FUTURE-SSC, POC, WG-49)
Earth, Environmental, & Planetary Sciences
Brown University
Lincoln Field Building, Room 203, 180 Thayer St, , RI .
Providence, RI
U.S.A. 02912
Dr. Helen Killeen (WG-49)
WG-49 Co-Chair
Farallon Institute
101 H St. Ste. Q
Petaluma, CA
U.S.A. 94952
(303) 999-1812
Dr. Dan Lew (WG-49)
Alaska Fisheries Science Center
NOAA Fisheries
7600 Sand Point Way NE
Seattle, WA
U.S.A. 98115
(530) 554-1842
Dr. Robert Suryan (WG-49)
Alaska Fisheries Science Center
NOAA Fisheries
Auke Bay Laboratories, Ted Stevens Marine Research Institute, 17109 Point Lena Loop Rd.
Juneau, AK
U.S.A. 99801
(1-907) 789-6065
Dr. Vera L. Trainer (AP-ECOP, AP-SciCom, AP-UNDOS, HAB-S, SG-GREEN, WG-49)
AP-ECOP Mentor, SG-GREEN Chair
Marine Program Director
University of Washington
Olympic Natural Resources Center, 1455 S Forks Ave.
Forks, WA
U.S.A. 9833
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